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appendix F

java.awt Package Reference


CONTENTS

The java.awt package contains what is known as the Java Abstract Windowing Toolkit. The classes within this package make up the prebuilt graphical user interface components that are available to Java developers through the Java Developer's Kit. Classes defined within this package include such useful components as colors, fonts, and widgets such as buttons and scrollbars.

LayoutManager

The LayoutManager interface is provided so that it can be implemented by objects that know how to lay out containers.

addLayoutComponent

void addLayoutComponent(String name, Component comp)
The addLayoutComponent method lays out the specified component within the layout manager.
Parameters:
name-the name of the component to be laid out.
comp-the Component object to be laid out within the layout manager.

removeLayoutComponent

void removeLayoutComponent(Component comp)
The removeLayoutComponent method removes a specified component from the layout manager.
Parameters: comp-the Component object that is to be removed from within the layout manager.

preferredLayoutSize

Dimension preferredLayoutSize(Container parent)
The preferredLayoutSize method determines the preferred layout size for a specified container.
Parameters: parent-a Container object that is to be laid out using the layout manager.
Returns: A Dimension object containing the preferred size of the Container parameter.

minimumLayoutSize

Dimension minimumLayoutSize(Container parent)
The minimumLayoutSize method determines the minimum layout size for a specified container.
Parameters: parent-a Container object that is to be laid out using the layout manager.
Returns: A Dimension object containing the minimum size of the Container parameter.

layoutContainer

void layoutContainer(Container parent)
The layoutContainer method will lay out the specified Container object within the layout manager.
Parameters: parent-a Container object that is to be laid out using the layout manager.

MenuContainer

The MenuContainer is an interface that is implemented by all menu-related containers.

getFont

Font getFont()
The getFont method returns the current font of the menu container.
Returns: The current Font object.

postEvent

boolean postEvent(Event evt)
The postEvent method posts the specified event to the MenuContainer.
Parameters: evt-the Event object to be posted to the menu container.
Returns: A boolean value containing true if the event was handled, false if not.

remove

void remove(MenuComponent comp)
The remove method removes the specified MenuComponent object from the MenuContainer.
Parameters: comp-the MenuComponent class to be removed from the MenuContainer.

BorderLayout

Extends: Object
Implements: LayoutManager
A BorderLayout is used to lay out components on a panel by implementing the LayoutManager interface. Components are laid out using members named North, South, East, West, and Center.

BorderLayout Constructor

public BorderLayout()
This BorderLayout constructor constructs a BorderLayout layout manager.

BorderLayout Constructor

public BorderLayout(int hgap, int vgap)
This BorderLayout constructor constructs a BorderLayout layout manager using the hgap and vgap values to set the horizontal and vertical gap sizes.
Parameters:
hgap-an integer value used to set the horizontal gap size.
vgap-an integer value used to set the vertical gap size.

addLayoutComponent

public void addLayoutComponent(String name, Component comp)
addLayoutComponent
adds a component to the border layout according to that component's name (North, South, East, West, or Center). The component's preferred size is used for all layout types except Center.
Parameters:
name-a string value that must correspond to one of the following names: North, South, East, West, or Center.
comp-a Component object to be added to this layout manager.

removeLayoutComponent

public void removeLayoutComponent(Component comp)
removeLayoutComponent
removes the specified component from the layout manager.
Parameters: comp-the Component object to be removed

minimumLayoutSize

public Dimension minimumLayoutSize(Container target)
minimumLayoutSize
returns the minimum dimension needed to lay out the components contained in the target parameter. Note that this function only determines the required size based on visible components.
Parameters: target-a Container class containing components to be laid out.

preferredLayoutSize

public Dimension preferredLayoutSize(Container target)
preferredLayoutSize
returns the preferred dimension needed to lay out the components contained in the target parameter. This dimension is based on the individual component's preferred sizes. Note that this function only determines the required size based on visible components.
Parameters: target-a Container class containing components to be laid out.

layoutContainer

public void layoutContainer(Container target)
layoutContainer
will lay out the components contained in the target Container parameter. This method will reshape the components in the container based on the requirements of the border layout itself.
Parameters: target-a Container class containing components to be laid out.

toString

public String toString()
toString
returns a string representation of the BorderLayout class.
Returns: A String value containing the BorderLayout class's name plus its hgap and vgap values.

Button

Extends: Component
A button can be placed on any type of layout because it derives directly from Component.

Button Constructor

public Button()
This BUTTON constructor constructs a simple button with no text label.

Button Constructor

public Button(String label)
This Button constructor constructs a simple button with a text label.
Parameters: label-a String value used to set the button's label.

addNotify

public synchronized void addNotify()
addNotify
sets the peer of the button using the function getToolkit.createButton. Using peer interfaces allows the user interface of the button to be changed without changing its functionality.

getLabel

public String getLabel()
getLabel
returns the button's label string.
Returns: A String value representing the button's label string.

setLabel

public void setLabel(String label)
setLabel
modifies the button's label string.
Parameters: label-a String value representing the button's new label string.

Canvas

Extends: Component
A Canvas is used as a drawing surface for GUI applications.

addNotify

public synchronized void addNotify()
addNotify
sets the peer of the canvas using the function getToolkit.createCanvas. Using peer interfaces allows the user interface of the canvas to be changed without changing its functionality.

paint

public void paint(Graphics g)
The paint method paints the canvas using the default background color (determine by calling getBackground).

CardLayout

Extends: Object
Implements: LayoutManager
The CardLayout class is a layout manager that allows the addition of "cards," only one of which may be visible at any given time. The user can "flip" through the cards.

CardLayout Constructor

public CardLayout()
This CardLayout constructor creates a new CardLayout layout manager.

CardLayout Constructor

public CardLayout(int hgap, int vgap)
This CardLayout constructor constructs a CardLayout layout manager using the hgap and vgap values to set the horizontal and vertical gap sizes.
Parameters:
hgap-an integer value used to set the horizontal gap size.
vgap-an integer value used to set the vertical gap size.

addLayoutComponent

public void addLayoutComponent(String name, Component comp)
addLayoutComponent
adds a component to the card layout.
Parameters:
name-a string value that corresponds to the component's name.
comp-a Component object to be added to this layout manager.

removeLayoutComponent

public void removeLayoutComponent(Component comp)
removeLayoutComponent
removes the specified component from the layout manager.
Parameters: comp-the Component object to be removed.

minimumLayoutSize

public Dimension minimumLayoutSize(Container target)
minimumLayoutSize
returns the minimum dimension needed to lay out the components contained in the target parameter. Note that this function only determines the required size based on visible components.
Parameters: target-a Container class containing components to be laid out.

preferredLayoutSize

public Dimension preferredLayoutSize(Container target)
preferredLayoutSize
returns the preferred dimension needed to lay out the components contained in the target parameter. This dimension is based on the individual component's preferred sizes. Note that this function only determines the required size based on visible components.
Parameters: target-a Container class containing components to be laid out.
LayoutContainer
public void layoutContainer(Container parent)
layoutContainer
will lay out the components contained in the target Container parameter. This method will reshape the components in the container based on the requirements of the border layout itself.
Parameters: target-a Container class containing components to be laid out.

first

public void first(Container parent)
The first method shows the first component in the card layout (the first card).
Parameters: parent-the parent Container class containing the components to be flipped through.

next

public void next(Container parent)
The next method shows the next component in the card layout (the next card).
Parameters: parent-the parent Container class containing the components to be flipped through.

previous

public void previous (Container parent)
The previous method shows the previous component in the card layout (the previous card).
Parameters: parent-the parent Container class containing the components to be flipped through.

last

public void last(Container parent)
The last method shows the last component in the card layout (the last card).
Parameters: parent-the parent Container class containing the components to be flipped through.

show

public void show(Container parent, String name)
The show method flips to the component specified in the name parameter.
Parameters:
parent-the parent Container class containing the components to be flipped through.
name-a string value representing the name of the component to be displayed.

toString

public String toString()
toString
returns a string representation of the card layout class.
Returns: A String value containing the card layout class's name plus its hgap and vgap values.

Checkbox

Extends: Component
A Checkbox is a user interface component that is used to represent a true/false (or on/off)
value.

Checkbox Constructor

public Checkbox()
This Checkbox constructor constructs the simplest of all check boxes: one with no label, no group, and a false state value.

Checkbox Constructor

public Checkbox(String label)
This Checkbox constructor constructs a check box using the label parameter to set the check box's label. This check box will belong to no group and will be set to a false state value.
Parameters: label-a string value representing the check box's label.

Checkbox Constructor

public Checkbox(String label, CheckboxGroup group, boolean state)
This Checkbox constructor constructs a check box including the label, group, and initial value.
Parameters:
label-a string value representing the check box's label.
group-a CheckboxGroup object that this check box will be a member of.
state-the initial state value for this check box.

addNotify

public synchronized void addNotify()
addNotify
sets the peer of the check box using the function getToolkit.createCheckbox. Using peer interfaces allows the user interface of the check box to be changed without changing its functionality.

getLabel

public String getLabel()
getLabel
returns the check box's label string.
Returns: A String value representing the check box's label string.

setLabel

public void setLabel(String label)
setLabel
modifies the check box's label string.
Parameters: label-a String value representing the check box's new label string.

getState

public boolean getState()
getState
returns the check box's current state value.
Returns: A boolean value representing the check box's current state.

setState

public void setState(boolean state)
setState
sets the check box to the value represented by the state parameter.
Parameters: state-a boolean value containing the new value of the check box's state.

getCheckboxGroup

public CheckboxGroup getCheckboxGroup()
The getCheckboxGroup method returns the CheckboxGroup that this check box is a
member of.
Returns: A CheckboxGroup class that this check box is a member of.

setCheckboxGroup

public void setCheckboxGroup(CheckboxGroup g)
The setCheckboxGroup method is used to add this check box to a CheckboxGroup.
Parameters: g-a CheckboxGroup class to which this check box is to be added.

CheckboxGroup

Extends: Object
A CheckboxGroup is used to group a set of Checkbox classes. When check boxes are created within a CheckboxGroup, only one check box may be selected at one time.

CheckboxGroup Constructor

public CheckboxGroup()
This CheckboxGroup constructor constructs a CheckboxGroup instance with no check box members.

getCurrent

public Checkbox getCurrent()
The getCurrent method returns the current check box.
Returns: A Checkbox object representing the currently selected check box.

setCurrent

public synchronized void setCurrent(Checkbox box)
The setCurrent method sets the current check box in this CheckboxGroup.
Parameters: box-the Checkbox object that is to be made current.

toString

public String toString()
toString
returns a string containing Checkboxgroup information.
Returns: A string value containing the CheckboxGroup's name as well as the name of the currently selected check box.

CheckboxMenuItem

Extends: MenuItem
A CheckboxMenuItem is a user interface component that can be added to a menu to represent a boolean value selection.

CheckboxMenuItem Constructor

public CheckboxMenuItem(String label)
This CheckboxMenuItem constructor creates a CheckboxMenuItem with a text label containing the string passed in.
Parameters: label-a string value representing the label of the CheckboxMenuItem to be displayed.

addNotify

public synchronized void addNotify()
addNotify
sets the peer of the CheckboxMenuItem using the function getToolkit.createCheckboxMenuItem. Using peer interfaces allows the user interface of the CheckboxMenuItem to be changed without changing its functionality.

getState

public boolean getState()
getState
returns the state value of the CheckboxMenuItem's check box.
Returns: A boolean value representing the CheckboxMenuItem's check box state.

setState

public void setState(boolean t)
setState
is used to set the CheckboxMenuItem's check box state value.
Parameters: t-a boolean value representing the CheckboxMenuItem's check box state value.

paramString

public String paramString()
paramString
returns a string containing CheckboxMenuItem information
Returns: A string value containing the CheckboxMenuItem's label as well as the state value of the CheckboxMenuItem's check box.

Choice

Extends: Component
A Choice is a user interface component that displays a pop-up menu. The current selection is displayed as the pop-up menu's title.

Choice Constructor

public Choice()
This Choice constructor creates a default Choice object that contains no information.

addNotify

public synchronized void addNotify()
addNotify
sets the peer of the Choice using the function getToolkit.createChoice. Using peer interfaces allows the user interface of the Choice to be changed without changing its functionality.

countItems

public int countItems()
countItems
returns the number of items (or choices) that are available in this Choice object.
Returns: An integer value containing the number of items stored in this Choice object.

getItem

public String getItem(int index)
The getItem method returns the choice string at the index represented by the index value passed in.
Parameters: index-an integer value representing the index of the string item to be returned.
Returns: A String value representing the string at the index passed into this method.

addItem

public synchronized void addItem(String item)
addItem
is used to add a String to a Choice object's internal list. The currently selected item will be displayed in the Choice object's pop-up menu.
Parameters: item-a String object containing a string to be added to the choice list.
Throws: NullPointerException if the string item to be added is null.

getSelectedItem

public String getSelectedItem()
getSelectedItem
returns the string value of the currently selected item.
Returns: A String value containing the currently selected item's string.

getSelectedIndex

public int getSelectedIndex()
getSelectedIndex
returns the index of the currently selected item.
Returns: An integer value containing the index of the currently selected item.

select

public synchronized void select(int pos)
This select method selects the item at the position represented by the pos parameter.
Parameters: pos-an integer value representing the position of the item to be selected
Throws: IllegalArgumentException if the position value passed in is invalid.

select

public void select(String str)
This select method selects the item represented by the String parameter.
Parameters: str-a String value representing the string value of the choice to be selected.

Color

Extends: Object
The Color class is provided to encapsulate RGB (red-green-blue) color values.

Member Constants

public final static Color white
Static value representing the color white.
public final static Color lightGray
Static value representing the color light gray.
public final static Color gray
Static value representing the color gray.
public final static Color darkGray
Static value representing the color dark gray.
public final static Color black
Static value representing the color black.
public final static Color red
Static value representing the color red.
public final static Color pink
Static value representing the color pink.
public final static Color orange
Static value representing the color orange.
public final static Color yellow
Static value representing the color yellow.
public final static Color green
Static value representing the color green.
public final static Color magenta
Static value representing the color magenta.
public final static Color cyan
Static value representing the color cyan.
public final static Color blue
Static value representing the color blue.

Color Constructor

public Color(int r, int g, int b)
This Color constructor accepts as arguments individual red, green, and blue color values. These values must be in the range 0-255.
Parameters:
r-the red color value.
g-the green color value.
b-the blue color value.

Color Constructor

public Color(int rgb)
This Color constructor creates a Color object based on the RGB color value passed in.
Parameters: rgb-an integer value containing the red, green, and blue color values that will be used to create this Color object.

Color Constructor

public Color(float r, float g, float b)
This Color constructor create a Color object based on the color values passed in. This constructor is similar to the Color constructor that accepts integer red, green, and blue inputs except that this Color constructor accepts float values. These values must be in the
range 0-1.0.
Parameters:
r-the red color value.
g-the green color value.
b-the blue color value.

getRed

public int getRed()
The getRed method returns the red component of this color.
Returns: An integer value representing this color's red component.

getGreen

public int getGreen()
The getGreen method returns the green component of this color.
Returns: An integer value representing this color's green component.

getBlue

public int getBlue()
The getBlue method returns the blue component of this color.
Returns: An integer value representing this color's blue component.

getRGB

public int getRGB()
The getRGB method returns the RGB value of this color.
Returns: An integer value representing this color's RGB value in the default RGB color model.

brighter

public Color brighter()
The brighter method brightens this color by modifying the RGB color value. This method increases the individual red, green, and blue color components by a factor of approximately 1.4.
Returns: A Color object representing a brighter version of the current color.

darker

public Color darker()
The darker method darkens this color by modifying the RGB color value. This method decreases the individual red, green, and blue color components by a factor of approximately 1.4.
Returns: A Color object representing a darker version of the current color.

hashCode

public int hashCode()
hashCode
returns this color's hash code. This is useful when storing colors in a hash table.
Returns: An integer value representing this color's hash code.

equals

public boolean equals(Object obj)
The equals method compares the Object parameter with this Color object. It returns a boolean value representing the result of this comparison.
Parameters: obj-an Object object to be compared with this color.
Returns: A boolean value representing the result of the comparison of the Object parameter to this color.

toString

public String toString()
toString
returns a string representation of the Color class.
Returns: A String value containing the Color class's name plus its red, green, and blue values.

getColor

public static Color getColor(String nm)
getColor
returns the specified color property based on the name that is passed in.
Parameters: nm-the name of the color property.
Returns: A Color value representing the desired color property.

getColor

public static Color getColor(String nm, Color v)
getColor
returns the specified Color property of the specified color.
Parameters:
nm-the name of the color property.
v-the specified color to be examined.
Returns: A Color value representing the desired color property.

getColor

public static Color getColor(String nm, int v)
getColor
returns the specified Color property of the color value that is passed in.
Parameters:
nm-the name of the color property.
v-the color value.
Returns: A Color value representing the desired color property.

HSBtoRGB

public static int HSBtoRGB(float hue, float saturation, float brightness)
HSB stands for hue, saturation, and brightness. To convert from an HSB value to an RGB value, simply call this function with the appropriate arguments.
Parameters:
hue-the color's hue component.
saturation-the color's saturation component.
brightness-the color's brightness component.
Returns: An RGB value that corresponds to the HSB inputs.

RGBtoHSB

public static float[] RGBtoHSB(int r, int g, int b, float[] hsbvals)
HSB stands for hue, saturation, and brightness. To convert from an RGB value to an HSB value, simply call this function with the appropriate arguments.
Parameters:
r-the color's red component.
g-the color's green component.
b-the color's blue component.
hsbvals-an array that will be used to store the HSB result values.
Returns: An array containing the resultant HSB values.

getHSBColor

public static Color getHSBColor(float h, float s, float b)
The getHSBColor method returns a Color object representing the RGB value of the input HSB parameters.
Parameters:
h-the color's hue component.
s-the color's saturation component.
b-the color's brightness component.
Returns: A Color object representing the RGB value of the input hue, saturation, and brightness.

Component

Extends: Object
Implements: ImageObserver
The Component class is used to represent a generic user interface component. All awt UI components derive from the Component class.

getParent

public Container getParent()
getParent
returns this component's parent (a Container class).
Returns: A Container class representing the component's parent.

getPeer

public ComponentPeer getPeer()
getPeer
returns this component's peer (A ComponentPeer interface).
Returns: A ComponentPeer interface representing the component's peer.

getToolkit

public Toolkit getToolkit()
getToolkit
returns the toolkit of this component. The toolkit is used to create the peer for the component.
Returns: A Toolkit class. A toolkit is required to bind the abstract awt classes to a native toolkit implementation.

isValid

public boolean isValid()
isValid
determines whether this component is valid. A component is considered to be invalid when it is first shown on the screen.
Returns: A boolean value representing the valid state of this component.

isVisible

public boolean isVisible()
isVisible
determines whether this component is visible. A component is, by default, visible until told otherwise. A component can be visible yet not show on the screen if the component's container is invisible.
Returns: A boolean value representing the visible state of this component.

isShowing

public boolean isShowing()
isShowing
determines whether this component is shown on the screen. A component can be visible yet not show on the screen if the component's container is invisible.
Returns: A boolean value representing the show state of this component.

isEnabled

public boolean isEnabled()
isEnabled
determines whether this component is currently enabled. By default, components are enabled until told otherwise.
Returns: A boolean value representing the enabled state of this component.

location

public Point location()
location
returns the location of this component in its parent's coordinate space. Note that the Point object returned contains the top-left corner coordinates of this component.
Returns: A Point object containing the location of the component.

size

public Dimension size()
size
returns the current size of the component.
Returns: A Dimension object containing the size of the component.

bounds

public Rectangle bounds()
bounds
returns the bounding rectangle of the component.
Returns: A Rectangle object containing the boundaries for the component.

enable

public synchronized void enable()
The enable method is used to enable a component. When a component is disabled, it may be "grayed out" or simply not respond to user inputs.

enable

public void enable(boolean cond)
This enable method is used to conditionally enable a component. When a component is disabled, it may be "grayed out" or simply not respond to user inputs.
Parameters: cond-a boolean value representing the new enabled state of the component.

disable

public synchronized void disable()
The disable method disables a component. When a component is disabled, it may be "grayed out" or simply not respond to user inputs.

show

public synchronized void show()
show
shows the component.

show

public void show(boolean cond)
This show method conditionally shows the component. If the input parameter is true, the component will be shown. If the input parameter is false, the component will be hidden.
Parameters: cond-a boolean value representing the new visible state of the component.

hide

public synchronized void hide()
The hide method hides the component from view.

getForeground

public Color getForeground()
getForeground
returns the foreground color of the component. If the component's foreground color has not been set, the foreground color of its parent is returned.
Returns: A Color object representing the foreground color of this component.

setForeground

public synchronized void setForeground(Color c)
setForeground
sets the foreground color of the component.
Parameters: c-the new foreground color of this component.

getBackground

public Color getBackground()
getBackground
returns the background color of the component. If the component's background color has not been set, the background color of its parent is returned.
Returns: A Color object representing the background color of this component.

setBackground

public synchronized void setBackground(Color c)
setBackground
sets the background color of the component.
Parameters: c-the new background color of this component.

getFont

public Font getFont()
getFont
returns the font of the component. If the component's font has not been set, the font of its parent is returned.

setFont

public synchronized void setFont(Font f)
setFont
sets the font of the component.
Parameters: f-the new font of this component.

getColorModel

public synchronized ColorModel getColorModel()
getColorModel
gets the color model that will be used to display this component on an output device.
Returns: A ColorModel object representing the color model used by this component.

move

public void move(int x, int y)
The move method moves a component to a new location within its parent's coordinate space.
Parameters:
x-the new x coordinate of the component within its parent's coordinate space.
y-the new y coordinate of the component within its parent's coordinate space.

resize

public void resize(int width, int height)
resize
resizes the component to the specified width and height.
Parameters:
width-the new width size of the component.
height-the new height size of the component.

resize

public void resize(Dimension d)
resize
resizes the component to the specified dimension.
Parameters: d-a Dimension object representing the new size of the component.

reshape

public synchronized void reshape(int x, int y, int width, int height)
reshape
completely changes the bounding box of the component by changing its size and location.
Parameters:
x-the new x coordinate of the component within its parent's coordinate space.
y-the new y coordinate of the component within its parent's coordinate space.
width-the new width size of the component.
height-the new height size of the component.

preferredSize

public Dimension preferredSize()
The preferredSize method returns the preferred size of the component.
Returns: A Dimension object representing the preferred size of the component.

minimumSize

public Dimension minimumSize()
minimumSize
returns the minimum size of the component.
Returns: A Dimension object representing the minimum size of the component.

layout

public void layout()
The layout method is called when the component needs to be laid out.

validate

public void validate()
validate
validates a component by calling its layout method.

invalidate

public void invalidate()
invalidate
invalidates a component, forcing the component and all parents above it to be laid out.

getGraphics

public Graphics getGraphics()
getGraphics
returns a Graphics context for the component. If the component is not currently on the screen, this function will return null.
Returns: A Graphics object representing the component's graphics context.

getFontMetrics

public FontMetrics getFontMetrics(Font font)
getFontMetrics
returns the current font metrics for a specified font. If the component is not currently on the screen, this function will return null.
Parameters: font-a Font object to be examined.
Returns: A FontMetrics object representing the component's font metrics.

paint

public void paint(Graphics g)
The paint method paints the component on the screen using the Graphics context parameter.
Parameters: g-the Graphics context that the component will paint itself onto.

update

public void update(Graphics g)
The update method repaints the component in response to a call to the repaint method.
Parameters: g-the Graphics context that the component will paint itself onto.

paintAll

public void paintAll(Graphics g)
The paintAll method is used to paint the component along with all of its subcomponents.
Parameters: g-the Graphics context that the component will paint itself onto.

repaint

public void repaint()
repaint
is used to force a component to repaint itself. Calling this function will result in a call to repaint.

repaint

public void repaint(long tm)
This repaint method is used to force a component to repaint itself in tm milliseconds.
Parameters: tm-the time span, in milliseconds, from the time this function was called that the component will repaint itself.

repaint

public void repaint(int x, int y, int width, int height)
This repaint method will force the component to repaint part of its surface area based on the input coordinates.
Parameters:
x-the x coordinate marking the surface area to be repainted.
y-the y coordinate marking the surface area to be repainted.
width-the width of the surface area to be repainted.
height-the height of the surface area to be repainted.

repaint

public void repaint(long tm, int x, int y, int width, int height)
This repaint method will force the component to repaint part of its surface area based on the input coordinates at a specified time in the future.
Parameters:
tm-the time, in milliseconds, from the time this method was called that the component will need to repaint itself.
x-the x coordinate marking the surface area to be repainted.
y-the y coordinate marking the surface area to be repainted.
width-the width of the surface area to be repainted.
height-the height of the surface area to be repainted.

print

public void print(Graphics g)
print
prints the component using the Graphics context. The default implementation of this method calls paint.
Parameters: g-the Graphics context to be printed on.

printAll

public void printAll(Graphics g)
printAll
prints the component and all of its subcomponents using the Graphics context.
Parameters: g-the Graphics context to be printed on.

imageUpdate

public boolean imageUpdate(Image img, int flags, int x, int y, int w, int h)
imageUpdate
repaints the component when the specified image has changed.
Parameters:
img-an Image object to be examined for changes.
flags-a flags parameter contains imaging flags such as FRAMEBITS, ALLBITS, and SOMEBITS.
x-the x coordinate marking the surface area to be repainted.
y-the y coordinate marking the surface area to be repainted.
width-the width of the surface area to be repainted.
height-the height of the surface area to be repainted.
Returns: A boolean value that is true if the image has changed, false if not.

createImage

public Image createImage(ImageProducer producer)
createImage
creates an Image using the specified image producer.
Parameters: producer-an ImageProducer interface that will be used to produce a new image.
Returns: An Image object.
createImage
public Image createImage(int width, int height)
This createImage creates an offscreen Image object using the specified width and height. This Image object can be used for things like double buffering.
Parameters:
width-the width of the Image object to be created.
height-the height of the Image object to be created.
Returns: An Image object.

prepareImage

public boolean prepareImage(Image image, ImageObserver observer)
prepareImage
prepares an image for rendering on this component. Because the Image is downloaded using a separate thread, the ImageObserver interface is notified when the image is ready to be rendered.
Parameters:
image-an Image object that will be rendered on this component.
observer-an Observer interface that will be notified when the Image is ready to be rendered.
Returns: A boolean value that is true if the image has been prepared, false if not.

prepareImage

public boolean prepareImage(Image image, int width, int height,
ImageObserver observer)
This prepareImage method is similar to the prepareImage method documented previously except that this method scales the image based on the width and height parameters.
Parameters:
image-an Image object that will be rendered on this component.
width-the width of the image to be rendered.
height-the height of the image to be rendered.
observer-an Observer interface that will be notified when the Image is ready to be rendered.
Returns: A boolean value that is true if the image has been prepared, false if not.

checkImage

public int checkImage(Image image, ImageObserver observer)
checkImage
checks the status of the construction of the image to be rendered.
Parameters:
image-an Image object that will be rendered on this component.
observer-an Observer interface that will be notified when the Image is ready to be rendered.
Returns: An integer value that is the boolean OR of the ImageObserver flags for the data that is currently available.

checkImage

public int checkImage(Image image, int width, int height, ImageObserver
observer)
This checkImage method checks the status of the construction of a scaled representation of this image.
Parameters:
image-an Image object that will be rendered on this component.
width-the width of the image to be checked.
height-the height of the image to be checked.
observer-an Observer interface that will be notified when the image is ready to be rendered.
Returns: An integer value that is the boolean OR of the ImageObserver flags for the data that is currently available.

inside

public synchronized boolean inside(int x, int y)
The inside method determines whether the x and y coordinates are within the bounding rectangle of the component.
Parameters:
x-the x coordinate to be examined.
y-the y coordinate to be examined.
Returns: A boolean value representing the result of the coordinate check.

locate

public Component locate(int x, int y)
locate
returns the Component at the specified x and y coordinates.
Parameters:
x-the x coordinate to be examined.
y-the y coordinate to be examined.
Returns: The Component that is found at the specified x and y coordinates.

deliverEvent

public void deliverEvent(Event e)
deliverEvent
delivers an event to the component.
Parameters: e-an Event object encapsulating the event.

postEvent

public boolean postEvent(Event e)
postEvent
posts an event to the component resulting in a call to handleEvent.
Parameters: e-an Event object encapsulating the event.
Returns: A boolean value that is true if the event was handled, false if not.

handleEvent

public boolean handleEvent(Event evt)
handleEvent
is used to handle individual events by the component.
Parameters: evt-an Event object encapsulating the event.
Returns: A boolean value that is true if the event was handled, false if not.

mouseDown

public boolean mouseDown(Event evt, int x, int y)
The mouseDown method is called if the mouse is down.
Parameters:
evt-an Event object encapsulating the event.
x-the x coordinate of the mouse down click point.
y-the y coordinate of the mouse down click point.
Returns: A boolean value that is true if the event was handled, false if not.

mouseDrag

public boolean mouseDrag(Event evt, int x, int y)
The mouseDrag method is called if the mouse is dragged.
Parameters:
evt-an Event object encapsulating the event.
x-the x coordinate of the current mouse point coordinate.
y-the y coordinate of the current mouse point coordinate.
Returns: A boolean value that is true if the event was handled, false if not.

mouseUp

public boolean mouseUp(Event evt, int x, int y)
The mouseUp method is called when the mouse button is let up.
Parameters:
evt-an Event object encapsulating the event.
x-the x coordinate of the mouse up point.
y-the y coordinate of the mouse up point.
Returns: A boolean value that is true if the event was handled, false if not.

mouseMove

public boolean mouseMove(Event evt, int x, int y)
The mouseMove method is called if the mouse is moved.
Parameters:
evt-an Event object encapsulating the event.
x-the x coordinate of the current mouse point coordinate.
y-the y coordinate of the current mouse point coordinate.
Returns: A boolean value that is true if the event was handled, false if not.

mouseEnter

public boolean mouseEnter(Event evt, int x, int y)
The mouseEnter method is called if the mouse enters the component.
Parameters:
evt-an Event object encapsulating the event.
x-the x coordinate of the current mouse point coordinate.
y-the y coordinate of the current mouse point coordinate.
Returns: A boolean value that is true if the event was handled, false if not.

mouseExit

public boolean mouseExit(Event evt, int x, int y)
The mouseExit method is called if the mouse exits the component.
Parameters:
evt-an Event object encapsulating the event.
x-the x coordinate of the mouse exit point.
y-the y coordinate of the mouse exit point.
Returns: A boolean value that is true if the event was handled, false if not.

keyDown

public boolean keyDown(Event evt, int key)
The keyDown method is called when a key is pressed.
Parameters:
evt-an Event object encapsulating the event.
key-an integer value representing the code of the key that was pressed.
Returns: A boolean value that is true if the event was handled, false if not.

keyUp

public boolean keyUp(Event evt, int key)
The keyUp method is called when a key is let up.
Parameters:
evt-an Event object encapsulating the event.
key-an integer value representing the code of the key that was pressed.
Returns: A boolean value that is true if the event was handled, false if not.

action

public boolean action(Event evt, Object what)
The action method is called if an action occurs within the component.
Parameters:
evt-an Event object encapsulating the event.
what-an object representing the action that is occurring.
Returns: A boolean value that is true if the event was handled, false if not.

addNotify

public void addNotify()
addNotify
notifies a component to create a peer object.

removeNotify

public synchronized void removeNotify()
removeNotify
notifies a component to destroy the peer object.

gotFocus

public boolean gotFocus(Event evt, Object what)
The gotFocus method is called when the component receives the input focus.
Parameters:
evt-an Event object encapsulating the event.
what-an object representing the action that is occurring.
Returns: A boolean value that is true if the event was handled, false if not.

lostFocus

public boolean lostFocus(Event evt, Object what)
The lostFocus method is called when the component loses the input focus.
Parameters:
evt-an Event object encapsulating the event.
what-an object representing the action that is occurring.
Returns: A boolean value that is true if the event was handled, false if not.

requestFocus

public void requestFocus()
The requestFocus method requests the current input focus. If this method is successful, gotFocus will then be called.

nextFocus

public void nextFocus()
The nextFocus method switches the focus to the next component. The next component can be determined by examining the tab order of the components on a form.

toString

public String toString()
toString
returns a string representation of the Component class.
Returns: A String value containing the Component class's name plus its x, y, height, and width values.

list

public void list()
The list method prints a listing of the component to the print stream.

list

public void list(PrintStream out)
This list method prints a listing of the component to the specified output stream.
Parameters: out-a PrintStream object.

list

public void list(PrintStream out, int indent)
This list method prints a listing of the component to the specified output stream at the specified indention.
Parameters:
out-a PrintStream object.
indent-an integer value representing the amount to be indented.

Container

Extends: Component
A Container class is defined as a class that can contain other components.
countComponents
public int countComponents()
countComponents
returns the number of components contained within the container.
Returns: An integer value representing the number of components within the container.

getComponent

public synchronized Component getComponent(int n)
The getComponent method returns the component at the specified index.
Parameters: n-an integer value representing the index at which to retrieve a component.
Returns: A Component object within the container.

getComponents

public synchronized Component[] getComponents()
getComponents
returns an array of Component objects contained within the Container.
Returns: An array of Component objects contained within the container.

insets

public Insets insets()
The insets methods returns the borders of this container.
Returns: An Insets object representing the insets of the container.

add

public Component add(Component comp)
The add method adds a Component to the container at the end of the container's array of components.
Parameters: comp-the component to be added.
Returns: The Component object that was added to the container's list.

add

public synchronized Component add(Component comp, int pos)
This add method adds a Component to the container at the specified index in the container's array of components.
Parameters:
comp-the component to be added.
pos-the position the component is to be added at.
Returns: The Component object that was added to the container's list.

add

public synchronized Component add(String name, Component comp)
This add method adds a Component using the Component argument and that Component's name.
Parameters:
name-a String representing the name of the component.
comp-the component to be added.
Returns: The Component object that was added to the container's list.

remove

public synchronized void remove(Component comp)
The remove method removes the specified component from the Container's list.
Parameters: comp-the component to be removed.

removeAll

public synchronized void removeAll()
The removeAll method removes all components from within the Container.

getLayout

public LayoutManager getLayout()
getLayout
returns this container's layout manager.
Returns: A layout manager interface representing the container's LayoutManager.

setLayout

public void setLayout(LayoutManager mgr)
setLayout
sets the current layout manager of the container.
Parameters: mgr-the layout manager that will control the layouts of this Container's components.

layout

public synchronized void layout()
The layout method is called to perform a layout on this component.

validate

public synchronized void validate()
The validate method refreshes the container and all of the components within it by validating the container and all of its components.

preferredSize

public synchronized Dimension preferredSize()
preferredSize
returns the preferred size of this container.
Returns: A Dimension object representing the preferred size of this Container.

minimumSize

public synchronized Dimension minimumSize()
minimumSize
returns the minimum size of this container.
Returns: A Dimension object representing the minimum size of this Container.

paintComponents

public void paintComponents(Graphics g)
The paintComponents method is used to paint each of the components within the container.
Parameters: g-the Graphics context that the container's components will be painted on.

printComponents

public void printComponents(Graphics g)
The printComponents method is used to print each of the components within the container.
Parameters: g-the Graphics context that the container's components will be printed on.

deliverEvent

public void deliverEvent(Event e)
deliverEvent
locates the appropriate component within the container that the event applies to and delivers the event to that component.
Parameters: e-the event to be delivered.

locate

public Component locate(int x, int y)
The locate method locates and returns the component that lies at the specified x and y coordinates within the container.
Parameters:
x-the x coordinate of the component to be located.
y-the y coordinate of the component to be located.

addNotify

public synchronized void addNotify()
addNotify
notifies the container to create a peer interface. This method will also notify each of the container's components to do likewise.

removeNotify

public synchronized void removeNotify()
removeNotify
notifies the container to remove its peer. This method will also notify each of the container's components to do likewise.

list

public void list(PrintStream out, int indent)
The list method prints a list for each component within the container to the specified output stream at the specified indentation.
Parameters:
out-a PrintStream object.
indent-an integer amount representing the value to indent the list.

Dialog

Extends: Window
The Dialog class is used to create a window that can be closed by the user. Dialogs are normally temporary windows that are used for inputting information.

Dialog Constructor

public Dialog(Frame parent, boolean modal)
This Dialog constructor constructs a Dialog object from a parent Frame object. This dialog is initially invisible.
Parameters:
parent-the parent frame of the dialog.
modal-a boolean value designating this dialog to be either modal or nonmodal.

Dialog Constructor

public Dialog(Frame parent, String title, boolean modal)
This Dialog constructor constructs a Dialog object from a parent Frame object. This dialog is initially invisible.
Parameters:
parent-the parent frame of the dialog.
title-a String value representing the title to be displayed for this dialog.
modal-a boolean value designating this dialog to be either modal or nonmodal.

addNotify

public synchronized void addNotify()
The addNotify method creates the dialog's peer. Making use of a peer interface allows the dialog's appearance to be changed without changing its functionality.

isModal

public boolean isModal()
isModal
returns the modal status of the dialog.
Returns: A boolean value representing the dialog's modal status. If this is true, the dialog is modal. If false, the dialog is nonmodal.

getTitle

public String getTitle()
getTitle
returns the dialog's title string.
Returns: A String value representing the title string of the dialog.

setTitle

public void setTitle(String title)
The setTitle method sets the dialog's title string.
Parameters: title-a String value representing the dialog's new title.

isResizable

public boolean isResizable()
The isResizable method is called to determine whether or not this dialog can be resized.
Returns: A boolean value that is true if the dialog is resizable, false if it is not.

setResizable

public void setResizable(boolean resizable)
The setResizable method is used to change whether a dialog can be resized.
Parameters: resizable-a boolean value that is true if the dialog is to be resizable and false if not.

Dimension

Extends: Object
A Dimension class is used to encapsulate an object's height and width.

Member Variables

public int width
The width instance variable contains the integer value representing the Dimension's width value.

public int height
The height instance variable contains the integer value representing the Dimension's height value.

Dimension Constructor

public Dimension()
This Dimension constructor constructs an empty Dimension object.

Dimension Constructor

public Dimension(Dimension d)
This Dimension constructor constructs a Dimension object from an existing Dimension object.
Parameters: d-a Dimension object whose values will be used to create the new dimension.

Dimension Constructor

public Dimension(int width, int height)
This Dimension constructor constructs a Dimension object based on the width and height input parameters.
Parameters:
width-an integer value representing the width of the new dimension.
height-an integer value representing the height of the new dimension.

toString

public String toString()
The toString method is used to return a string representation of this Dimension object.
Returns: A String containing this dimension's height and width values.

Event

Extends: Object
The Event class is used to encapsulate GUI event's in a platform-independent manner.

Member Constants

public static final int SHIFT_MASK
The SHIFT_MASK value represents the Shift Modifier constant.
public static final int CTRL_MASK
The CTRL_MASK value represents the Control Modifier constant.
public static final int META_MASK
The META_MASK value represents the Meta Modifier constant.
public static final int ALT_MASK
The ALT_MASK value represents the Alt Modifier constant.
public static final int HOME
The HOME value represents the Home key.
public static final int END
The END value represents the End key.
public static final int PGUP
The PGUP value represents the Page Up key.
public static final int PGDN
The PGDN value represents the Page Down key.
public static final int UP
The UP value represents the up-arrow key.
public static final int DOWN
The DOWN value represents the down-arrow key.
public static final int LEFT
The LEFT value represents the left-arrow key.
public static final int RIGHT
The RIGHT value represents the right-arrow key.
public static final int f1
The f1 value represents the f1 key.
public static final int f2
The f2 value represents the f2 key.
public static final int f3
The f3 value represents the f3 key.
public static final int f4
The f4 value represents the f4 key.
public static final int f5
The f5 value represents the f5 key.
public static final int f6
The f6 value represents the f6 key.
public static final int f7
The f7 value represents the f7 key.
public static final int f8
The f8 value represents the f8 key.
public static final int f9
The f9 value represents the f9 key.
public static final int f10
The f10 value represents the f10 key.
public static final int f11
The f11 value represents the f11 key.
public static final int f12
The f12 value represents the f12 key.
public static final int WINDOW_DESTROY
The WINDOW_DESTROY value represents the destroy window event.
public static final int WINDOW_EXPOSE
The WINDOW_EXPOSE value represents the expose window event.
public static final int WINDOW_ICONIFY
The WINDOW_ICONIFY value represents the iconify window event.
public static final int WINDOW_DEICONIFY
The DEICONIFY_WINDOW value represents the deiconify window event.
public static final int WINDOW_MOVED
The WINDOW_MOVED value represents the window moved event.
public static final int KEY_PRESS
The KEY_PRESS value represents the keypress event.
public static final int KEY_RELEASE
The KEY_RELEASE value represents the key release event.
public static final int KEY_ACTION
The KEY_ACTION value represents the key action keyboard event.
public static final int KEY_ACTION_RELEASE
The KEY_ACTION_RELEASE value represents the key action release keyboard event.
public static final int MOUSE_DOWN
The MOUSE_DOWN value represents the mouse down event.
public static final int MOUSE_UP
The MOUSE_UP value represents the mouse up event.
public static final int MOUSE_MOVE
The MOUSE_MOVE value represents the mouse move event.
public static final int MOUSE_ENTER
The MOUSE_ENTER value represents the mouse enter event.
public static final int MOUSE_EXIT
The MOUSE_EXIT value represents the mouse exit event.
public static final int MOUSE_DRAG
The MOUSE_DRAG value represents the mouse drag event.
public static final int SCROLL_LINE_UP
The SCROLL_LINE_UP value represents the line up scroll event.
public static final int SCROLL_LINE_DOWN
The SCROLL_LINE_DOWN value represents the line down scroll event.
public static final int SCROLL_PAGE_UP
The SCROLL_PAGE_UP value represents the page up scroll event.
public static final int SCROLL_PAGE_DOWN
The SCROLL_PAGE_DOWN value represents the page down scroll event.
public static final int SCROLL_ABSOLUTE
The SCROLL_ABSOLUTE value represents the absolute scroll event.
public static final int LIST_SELECT
The LIST_SELECT value represents the select list event.
public static final int LIST_DESELECT
The LIST_DESELECT value represents the deselect list event.
public static final int ACTION_EVENT
The ACTION_EVENT value represents an action event.
public static final int LOAD_FILE
The LOAD_FILE value represents a file load event.
public static final int SAVE_FILE
The SAVE_FILE value represents a file save event.
public static final int GOT_FOCUS
The GOT_FOCUS value represents a got focus event.
public static final int LOST_FOCUS
The LOST_FOCUS value represents a lost focus event.

Member Variables

public Object target
The target instance variable represents the object that is the target of the event.
public long when
The when instance variable represents the time stamp of the event.
public int id
The id instance variable represents the type of the event.
public int x
The x instance variable represents the x coordinate of the event.
public int y
The y instance variable represents the y coordinate of the event.
public int key
The key instance variable represents the key that was pressed to trigger the keyboard event.
public int modifiers
The modifiers instance variable represents the state of the modifier keys.
public int clickCount
The clickCount instance variable represents the number of clicks during the mouse down event. If this event wasn't triggered by a mouse down action, this value will be 0. It will be 1 for a single click, and 2 for a double click.
public Object arg
The arg instance variable represents an arbitrary argument.
public Event evt
The evt instance variable represents the next event. This is useful when multiple events will be stored in an array or linked list.

Event Constructor

public Event(Object target, long when, int id, int x, int y, int key, int modifiers, Object arg)
This Event constructor constructs an event using the target, current time, event ID, location, key pressed and modifiers, and some argument.
Parameters:
target-the target object for the event.
when-the time stamp for the event.
id-the event type.
x-the x coordinate of the event.
y-the y coordinate of the event.
key-the key pressed that triggered a keyboard event.
modifiers-the state of the modifier keys.
arg-an arbitrary argument.

Event Constructor

public Event(Object target, long when, int id, int x, int y, int key, int modifiers)
This Event constructor constructs an event using the target, current time, event ID, location, key pressed, and modifiers.
Parameters:
target-the target object for the event.
when-the time stamp for the event.
id-the event type.
x-the x coordinate of the event.
y-the y coordinate of the event.
key-the key pressed that triggered a keyboard event.

Event Constructor

public Event(Object target, int id, Object arg)
This Event constructor constructs an event using the target, event ID, and some argument.
Parameters:
target-the target object for the event.
id-the event type.
arg-an arbitrary argument.

translate

public void translate(int x, int y)
The translate method translates coordinates for a given component. If the object sending this event has targeted a certain component, this method will translate the coordinates to make sense for that particular component.
Parameters:
x-the x coordinate.
y-the y coordinate.

shiftDown

public boolean shiftDown()
The shiftDown method returns the current state of the Shift key.
Returns: A boolean value that is true if the Shift key is down, false if it is up.

controlDown

public boolean controlDown()
The controlDown method returns the current state of the Ctrl key.
Returns: A boolean value that is true if the Ctrl key is down, false if it is up.

metaDown

public boolean metaDown()
The metaDown method returns the current state of the Meta key.
Returns: A boolean value that is true if the meta key is down, false if it is up.

toString

public String toString()
The toString method returns the string representation of the current event.
Returns: A String value containing information on the event, including the id, x, y, key, shiftDown, controlDown, and metaDown values.

FileDialog

Extends: Dialog
A FileDialog is presented to a user in order for that user to select a file. This dialog is a modal dialog, therefore the calling thread will be blocked until this dialog exits.

Member Constants

public static final int LOAD
The LOAD static value represents the file load variable.

public static final int SAVE
The SAVE static value represents the file save variable.

FileDialog Constructor

public FileDialog(Frame parent, String title)
This FileDialog constructor constructs a file dialog using a parent frame and a title string.
Parameters:
parent-the parent frame of the file dialog.
title-a String containing the dialog's title.

FileDialog Constructor

public FileDialog(Frame parent, String title, int mode)
This FileDialog constructor constructs a file dialog using a parent frame, a title string, and a mode value representing either a load or save dialog.
Parameters:
parent-the parent frame of the file dialog.
title-a String containing the dialog's title.
mode-an integer value representing the dialog mode (LOAD or SAVE).

addNotify

public synchronized void addNotify()
addNotify
notifies FileDialog to create a peer. Using a peer interface allows the user interface of the file dialog to be changed without changing its functionality.

getMode

public int getMode()
getMode
returns the current mode of the file dialog.
Returns: An integer value representing the current mode (LOAD or SAVE) of the file dialog.

getDirectory

public String getDirectory()
The getDirectory method returns the current directory of the file dialog.
Returns: A String value representing FileDialog's current directory.

setDirectory

public void setDirectory(String dir)
The setDirectory method is used to set the current directory of the FileDialog.
Parameters: dir-a String value representing the directory to be set.

getFile

public String getFile()
The getFile method returns the currently selected file within FileDialog.
Returns: A String value representing the file dialog's current file.

setFile

public void setFile(String file)
The setFile method is used to set the current file of the file dialog.
Parameters: file-a String value representing the file to be set.

FlowLayout

Extends: Object
Implements: LayoutManager
A FlowLayout implements the LayoutManager interface. This class is used to lay out buttons from left to right until no more buttons fit on the Panel.

Member Constants

public static final int LEFT
The LEFT static value represents the left alignment variable.

public static final int CENTER
The CENTER static value represents the center alignment variable.

public static final int RIGHT
The RIGHT static value represents the right alignment variable.

FlowLayout Constructor

public FlowLayout()
This FlowLayout constructor constructs a default FlowLayout class with a centered alignment.

FlowLayout Constructor

public FlowLayout(int align)
This FlowLayout constructor constructs a FlowLayout class using the specified alignment.
Parameters: align-the alignment value (LEFT, CENTER, or RIGHT).

FlowLayout Constructor

public FlowLayout(int align, int hgap, int vgap)
This FlowLayout constructor constructs a FlowLayout class using the specified alignment and gap values.
Parameters:
align-the alignment value (LEFT, CENTER, or RIGHT).
hgap-the horizontal gap value.
vgap-the vertical gap value.

addLayoutComponent

public void addLayoutComponent(String name, Component comp)
The addLayoutComponent method adds a component to the FlowLayout class.
Parameters:
name-a String value representing the name of the Component to be added.
comp-the Component object to be added to FlowLayout.

removeLayoutComponent

public void removeLayoutComponent(Component comp)
removeLayoutComponent
removes a component from the FlowLayout class.
Parameters: comp-a Component object to be removed from FlowLayout.

preferredLayoutSize

public Dimension preferredLayoutSize(Container target)
The preferredLayoutSize method returns the preferred size for this FlowLayout given the components in the specified container.
Parameters: target-a Container object that will be examined to determine the preferred layout size for this FlowLayout.
Returns: A Dimension class containing the preferred size of the FlowLayout.

minimumLayoutSize

public Dimension minimumLayoutSize(Container target)
The minimumLayoutSize method returns the minimum size for this FlowLayout given the components in the specified container.
Parameters: target-a Container object that will be examined to determine the minimum layout size for this FlowLayout.
Returns: A Dimension class containing the minimum size of the FlowLayout.

layoutContainer

public void layoutContainer(Container target)
The layoutContainer method lays out the components within the specified container.
Parameters: target-a Container class containing a set of components that will be laid out according to the FlowLayout rules.

toString

public String toString()
The toString method returns a string representation of the FlowLayout class.
Returns: A String containing information about the FlowLayout, including the FlowLayout's name, alignment, hgap, and vgap values.

Font

Extends: Object
This class is used to encapsulate a font.

Member Constants

public static final int PLAIN
The PLAIN static value represents the plain style constant.

public static final int BOLD
The BOLD static value represents the bold style constant.

public static final int ITALIC
The ITALIC static value represents the italic style constant.

Font Constructor

public Font(String name, int style, int size)
The Font constructor constructs a font of the specified name, style, and size.
Parameters:
name-the name of the font to be created.
style-the style (PLAIN and/or BOLD and/or ITALIC) of the font to be created.
size-the size of the font to be created.

getFamily

public String getFamily()
getFamily
returns the font family that this font belongs to.
Returns: A String value representing the font's family name.

getName

public String getName()
getName
returns the name of the Font object.
Returns: A String value representing the name of the font.

getStyle

public int getStyle()
getStyle
returns the style of the Font object.
Returns: An integer value representing the style of the font.

getSize

public int getSize()
getSize
returns the size of the Font object.
Returns: An integer value representing the point size of the font.

isPlain

public boolean isPlain()
isPlain
returns the plain style state of the Font.
Returns: A boolean value that is true if the font is plain, false if not.

isBold

public boolean isBold()
isBold
returns the bold style state of the Font.
Returns: A boolean value that is true if the font is bold, false if not.

isItalic

public boolean isItalic()
isItalic
returns the italic style state of the Font.
Returns: A boolean value that is true if the font is italic, false if not.

getFont

public static Font getFont(String nm)
getFont
returns a Font based on the system properties list and the name passed in.
Parameters: nm-the name of the font to be returned from the system properties list.
Returns: A Font object based on the system properties list.

getFont

public static Font getFont(String nm, Font font)
This getFont method returns a Font based on the system properties list, the name passed in, and a default font in case the specified name is not found.
Parameters:
nm-the name of the font to be returned from the system properties list.
font-the default font to be returned if the font specified by the nm variable is not found.
Returns: A Font object based on the system properties list.

hashCode

public int hashCode()
hashCode
returns a hash code for this font.
Returns: An integer value representing the hash code for the font.

equals

public boolean equals(Object obj)
equals
compares an object with the Font object.
Parameters: obj-the object to compare the font with.
Returns: A boolean value that is true if the objects are equal, false if not.

toString

public String toString()
The toString method is used to return a string representation of the font.
Returns: A String value containing the font family, name, style, and size values.

FontMetrics

Extends: Object
The FontMetrics class is used to encapsulate a FontMetrics object containing font information.

getFont

public Font getFont()
The getFont method returns the font that these FontMetrics refer to.
Returns: A Font object.

getLeading

public int getLeading()
The getLeading method gets the line spacing of the font.
Returns: An integer value containing the standard leading, or line spacing, of the font. The line spacing of a font is the space reserved between the descent of a text character and the ascent of a text character below it.

getAscent

public int getAscent()
The getAscent method gets the ascent value for a font.
Returns: An integer value containing the ascent value for a font. This value is the distance from the bottom of a character to its top.

getDescent

public int getDescent()
The getDescent method gets the descent value for a font.
Returns: An integer value containing the descent value for a font. This value is the bottom coordinate of a character.

getHeight

public int getHeight()
The getHeight method gets the height of a line of text using the current Font.
Returns: An integer value containing the height of a line of text. This value is calculated by adding the ascent, descent, and leading values.

getMaxAscent

public int getMaxAscent()
getMaxAscent
returns the maximum value of a font's ascent.
Returns: An integer value containing the maximum value of a font's ascent for all of that
font's characters.

getMaxDescent

public int getMaxDescent()
getMaxDescent
returns the maximum value of a font's descent.
Returns: An integer value containing the maximum value of a font's descent for all of that font's characters.

getMaxDecent

public int getMaxDecent()
The getMaxDecent method is provided only for backward compatibility. It simply calls the getMaxDescent method.
Returns: An integer value containing the maximum value of a font's descent for all of that font's characters.

getMaxAdvance

public int getMaxAdvance()
The getMaxAdvance method gets the maximum amount for a character's advance value. The advance is the amount that is advanced from the beginning of one character to the next character.

charWidth

public int charWidth(int ch)
charWidth
returns the width of a particular character for the current font.
Parameters: ch-an integer value representing the character to be checked.
Returns: An integer value representing the width of the specified character.

charWidth

public int charWidth(char ch)
This charWidth method returns the width of a particular character for the current font.
Parameters: ch-a string value representing the character to be checked.
Returns: An integer value representing the width of the specified character.

stringWidth

public int stringWidth(String str)
The stringWidth method returns the width of a specified string using the current font.
Parameters: str-a string representing the characters to be checked.
Returns: An integer value representing the advance width of the specified string.

charsWidth

public int charsWidth(char data[], int off, int len)
The charsWidth method returns the width of a specified string of characters using the current font.
Parameters:
data-an array of characters to be checked.
off-an integer value representing the offset into the array where the string will start.
len-the number of characters to be measured.
Returns: An integer value representing the advance width of the specified string.

bytesWidth

public int bytesWidth(byte data[], int off, int len)
The bytesWidth method returns the width of a specified array of bytes
Parameters:
data-an array of bytes to be checked.
off-an integer value representing the offset into the array where the string will start.
len-the number of bytes to be measured.
Returns: An integer value representing the advance width of the specified string.

getWidths

public int[] getWidths()
The getWidths method gets the advance widths of the first 256 characters of the font.
Returns: An integer array containing the advance widths of the first 256 characters of the font.

toString

public String toString()
The toString method is used to return a string representation of the FontMetrics class.
Returns: A String value containing the font metrics' name, font, ascent, descent, and height.

Frame

Extends: Window
Implements: MenuContainer
A Frame class represents a basic window.

Member Constants

public static final int DEFAULT_CURSOR
The DEFAULT_CURSOR static value represents the default cursor.
public static final int CROSSHAIR_CURSOR
The CROSSHAIR_CURSOR static value represents the crosshair cursor.
public static final int TEXT_CURSOR
The TEXT_CURSOR static value represents the text cursor.
public static final int WAIT_CURSOR
The WAIT_CURSOR static value represents the wait cursor.
public static final int SW_RESIZE_CURSOR
The SW_RESIZE_CURSOR static value represents the southwest resize cursor.
public static final int SE_RESIZE_CURSOR
The SE_RESIZE_CURSOR static value represents the southeast resize cursor.
public static final int NW_RESIZE_CURSOR
The NW_RESIZE_CURSOR static value represents the northwest resize cursor.
public static final int NE_RESIZE_CURSOR
The NE_RESIZE_CURSOR static value represents the northeast resize cursor.
public static final int N_RESIZE_CURSOR
The N_RESIZE_CURSOR static value represents the north resize cursor.
public static final int S_RESIZE_CURSOR
The S_RESIZE_CURSOR static value represents the south resize cursor.
public static final int W_RESIZE_CURSOR
The W_RESIZE_CURSOR static value represents the west resize cursor.
public static final int E_RESIZE_CURSOR
The E_RESIZE_CURSOR static value represents the east resize cursor.
public static final int HAND_CURSOR
The HAND_CURSOR static value represents the hand cursor.
public static final int MOVE_CURSOR
The MOVE_CURSOR static value represents the move cursor.

Frame Constructor

public Frame()
The Frame constructor constructs a default frame that is invisible and that uses the BorderLayout layout manager.

Frame Constructor

public Frame(String title)
This Frame constructor constructs a default frame using the specified title that is invisible and that uses the BorderLayout layout manager.
Parameters: title-a String value containing the frame's title string.

addNotify

public synchronized void addNotify()
The addNotify method creates a peer interface for the frame. Peer interfaces allow the user interface of the frame to be changed without changing its functionality.

getTitle

public String getTitle()
getTitle
returns the frame's title.
Returns: A String value representing the title of the frame.

setTitle

public void setTitle(String title)
setTitle
sets the frame's title.
Parameters: title-a String value representing the title of the frame.

getIconImage

public Image getIconImage()
The getIconImage method returns an image representing the iconized image of the frame.
Returns: An Image class representing the iconized image of the frame.

setIconImage

public void setIconImage(Image image)
setIconImage is used to set the image that will be used when the frame is iconized.
Parameters: image-an Image class that will be displayed when the frame is iconized.

getMenuBar

public MenuBar getMenuBar()
The getMenuBar method returns the MenuBar object that is contained within this frame.
Returns: A MenuBar class that is displayed within this frame.

setMenuBar

public synchronized void setMenuBar(MenuBar mb)
setMenuBar
sets the MenuBar class to be displayed within the frame.
Parameters: mb-a MenuBar object to be used for the frame's menu bar.

remove

public synchronized void remove(MenuComponent m)
The remove method removes the specified MenuComponent from the frame.
Parameters: A MenuComponent object that is to be removed from the frame.

dispose

public synchronized void dispose()
The dispose method disposes of the frame. This method first disposes of the frame's menu bar, and then disposes of the frame itself.

isResizable

public boolean isResizable()
The isResizable method returns the frame's resizable state.
Returns: A boolean value that is true if the frame can be resized, false if not.

setResizable

public void setResizable(boolean resizable)
The setResizable method sets the frame's resizable state.
Returns: A boolean value that is true if the frame can be resized, false if not.

setCursor

public void setCursor(int cursorType)
The setCursor method sets the cursor to be displayed within the frame.
Returns: An integer value representing the cursor to be displayed, which can be any of the frame's static values such as WAIT_CURSOR, MOVE_CURSOR, and so on.

getCursorType

public int getCursorType()
The getCursorType method returns the frame's current cursor type.
Returns: An integer value representing the current cursor type for the frame.

Graphics

Extends: Object
The Graphics class represents the base class for all types of graphics contexts.

create

public abstract Graphics create()
This abstract function creates a new Graphics object.

create

public Graphics create(int x, int y, int width, int height)
The create method creates a new Graphics object using the specified parameters.
Parameters:
x-the x coordinate of the graphics context.
y-the y coordinate of the graphics context.
width-the width of the graphics context.
height-the height of the graphics context.
Returns: A Graphics class corresponding to the create method's specifications.

translate

public abstract void translate(int x, int y)
The translate method translates the Graphics object to the new x and y origin coordinates.
Parameters:
x-the new x origin coordinate.
y-the new y origin coordinate.

getColor

public abstract Color getColor()
The getColor method returns the current color.
Returns: A Color object representing the current color used for drawing operations.

setColor

public abstract void setColor(Color c)
The setColor method sets the current color.
Parameters: c-a Color object to be used for graphics drawing operations.

setPaintMode

public abstract void setPaintMode()
The setPaintMode method sets the paint mode to overwrite the destination with the current color.

setXORMode

public abstract void setXORMode(Color c1)
The setXORMode method sets the paint mode to XOR the current colors with the specified color. This means that when redrawing over an existing area, colors that match the current color will be changed to the specified color c1 and vice versa.
Parameters: c1-the Color object specified to be XOR'd with the current color.

getFont

public abstract Font getFont()
The getFont method returns the current font used for the graphics context.
Returns: A Font object representing the graphics context's current font.

setFont

public abstract void setFont(Font font)
The setFont method sets the graphics context's font.
Parameters: A Font object that will be used as the current font.

getFontMetrics

public FontMetrics getFontMetrics()
The getFontMetrics method will return the font metrics for the current font.
Returns: A FontMetrics object representing the font metrics for the current font.

getFontMetrics

public abstract FontMetrics getFontMetrics(Font f)
This getFontMetrics method will return the font metrics for the specified font.
Returns: A FontMetrics object representing the font metrics for the specified font.

getClipRect

public abstract Rectangle getClipRect()
The getClipRect method will return the current clipping rectangle for the Graphics class.
Returns: A Rectangle object representing the current clipping rectangle.

clipRect

public abstract void clipRect(int x, int y, int width, int height)
The clipRect method will set the current clipping rectangle for the Graphics class.
Parameters:
x-the x coordinate of the clipping rectangle.
y-the y coordinate of the clipping rectangle.
width-the width of the clipping rectangle.
height-the height of the clipping rectangle.

copyArea

public abstract void copyArea(int x, int y, int width, int height, int dx,
int dy)
The copyArea method copies a specified section of the screen to another location.
Parameters:
x-the x coordinate of the region to be copied.
y-the y coordinate of the region to be copied.
width-the width of the region to be copied.
height-the height of the region to be copied.
dx-the horizontal distance of the region to be copied to.
dy-the vertical distance of the region to be copied to.
drawLine
public abstract void drawLine(int x1, int y1, int x2, int y2)
The drawLine method will draw a line on the graphics context from one point to another point specified by the input parameters.
Parameters:
x1-the x coordinate of the line's starting point.
y1-the y coordinate of the line's starting point.
x2-the x coordinate of the line's ending point.
y2-the y coordinate of the line's ending point.

fillRect

public abstract void fillRect(int x, int y, int width, int height)
The fillRect method fills the specified rectangular region with the current color.
Parameters:
x-the x coordinate of the rectangle to be filled.
y-the y coordinate of the rectangle to be filled.
width-the width of the rectangle to be filled.
height-the height of the rectangle to be filled.
drawRect
public void drawRect(int x, int y, int width, int height)
The drawRect method draws the outline of a rectangle using the current color and the specified dimensions.
Parameters:
x-the x coordinate of the rectangle to be drawn.
y-the y coordinate of the rectangle to be drawn.
width-the width of the rectangle to be drawn.
height-the height of the rectangle to be drawn.

clearRect

public abstract void clearRect(int x, int y, int width, int height)
The clearRect method clears a rectangle by filling it with the current background color of the current drawing surface.
Parameters:
x-the x coordinate of the rectangle to be cleared.
y-the y coordinate of the rectangle to be cleared.
width-the width of the rectangle to be cleared.
height-the height of the rectangle to be cleared.

drawRoundRect

public abstract void drawRoundRect(int x, int y, int width, int height,
int arcWidth, int arcHeight)
The drawRoundRect method draws the outline of a rectangle with rounded edges using the current color and the specified coordinates.
Parameters:
x-the x coordinate of the rectangle to be drawn.
y-the y coordinate of the rectangle to be drawn.
width-the width of the rectangle to be drawn.
height-the height of the rectangle to be drawn.
arcWidth-the horizontal diameter of the arc at the four corners.
arcHeight-the vertical diameter of the arc at the four corners.

fillRoundRect

public abstract void fillRoundRect(int x, int y, int width, int height, int arcWidth, int arcHeight)
The fillRoundRect method fills a rectangle with rounded edges using the current color and the specified coordinates.
Parameters:
x-the x coordinate of the rectangle to be drawn.
y-the y coordinate of the rectangle to be drawn.
width-the width of the rectangle to be drawn.
height-the height of the rectangle to be drawn.
arcWidth-the horizontal diameter of the arc at the four corners.
arcHeight-the vertical diameter of the arc at the four corners.

draw3DRect

public void draw3DRect(int x, int y, int width, int height, boolean raised)
The draw3Drect method draws a highlighted 3D rectangle at a default viewing angle.
Parameters:
x-the x coordinate of the rectangle to be drawn.
y-the y coordinate of the rectangle to be drawn.
width-the width of the rectangle to be drawn.
height-the height of the rectangle to be drawn.
raised-a boolean value determining whether the rectangle is raised.

fill3DRect

public void fill3DRect(int x, int y, int width, int height, boolean raised)
The fill3Drect method fills a highlighted 3D rectangle using the current color and specified coordinates at a default viewing angle.
Parameters:
x-the x coordinate of the rectangle to be drawn.
y-the y coordinate of the rectangle to be drawn.
width-the width of the rectangle to be drawn.
height-the height of the rectangle to be drawn.
raised-a boolean value determining whether the rectangle is raised.

drawOval

public abstract void drawOval(int x, int y, int width, int height)
The drawOval method draws the outline of an oval shape using the current color and the specified coordinates. The oval is drawn inside the rectangle represented by the input coordinates.
Parameters:
x-the x coordinate of the rectangle to draw the oval within.
y-the y coordinate of the rectangle to draw the oval within.
width-the width of the rectangle to draw the oval within.
height-the height of the rectangle to draw the oval within.
fillOval
public abstract void fillOval(int x, int y, int width, int height)
The fillOval method fills an oval using the current color and the specified coordinates. The oval is drawn inside the rectangle represented by the input coordinates.
Parameters:
x-the x coordinate of the rectangle to draw the oval within.
y-the y coordinate of the rectangle to draw the oval within.
width-the width of the rectangle to draw the oval within.
height-the height of the rectangle to draw the oval within.

drawArc

public abstract void drawArc(int x, int y, int width, int height, int startAngle, int arcAngle)
The drawArc method draws an arc outline using the current color and bounded by the specified input coordinates. Note that 0 degrees represents the three o'clock position and that positive angles are measured going counterclockwise.
Parameters:
x-the x coordinate of the rectangle to draw the arc within.
y-the y coordinate of the rectangle to draw the arc within.
width-the width of the rectangle to draw the arc within.
height-the height of the rectangle to draw the arc within.
startAngle-the starting angle of the arc to be drawn.
arcAngle-the angle of the arc relative to the start angle.

fillArc

public abstract void fillArc(int x, int y, int width, int height, int startAngle, int arcAngle)
The fillArc method fills an arc using the current color and bounded by the specified input coordinates. Note that 0 degrees represents the three o'clock position and that positive angles are measured going counterclockwise.
Parameters:
x-the x coordinate of the rectangle to draw the arc within.
y-the y coordinate of the rectangle to draw the arc within.
width-the width of the rectangle to draw the arc within.
height-the height of the rectangle to draw the arc within.
startAngle-the starting angle of the arc to be drawn.
arcAngle-the angle of the arc relative to the start Angle.

drawPolygon

public abstract void drawPolygon(int xPoints[], int yPoints[], int nPoints)
The drawPolygon method draws a polygon using the current color and the specified coordinates.
Parameters:
xPoints-an array of integers containing the starting x coordinates for each edge of the polygon.
yPoints-an array of integers containing the starting y coordinates for each edge of the polygon.
nPoints-an integer value representing the number of edges of the polygon.

drawPolygon

public void drawPolygon(Polygon p)
This drawPolygon method draws a polygon using the specified Polygon class.
Parameters: p-a Polygon object containing the coordinates for the polygon to be drawn.

fillPolygon

public abstract void fillPolygon(int xPoints[], int yPoints[], int nPoints)
The fillPolygon method fills a polygon using the current color and the specified coordinates.
Parameters:
xPoints-an array of integers containing the starting x coordinates for each edge of the polygon.
yPoints-an array of integers containing the starting y coordinates for each edge of the polygon.
nPoints-an integer value representing the number of edges of the polygon.

fillPolygon

public void fillPolygon(Polygon p)
This fillPolygon method fills a polygon using the specified Polygon object and the current color.
Parameters: p-a Polygon object containing the coordinates for the polygon to be drawn.

drawString

public abstract void drawString(String str, int x, int y)
The drawString method will draw a string using the current font at the specified coordinates.
Parameters:
str-the string to be displayed.
x-the x coordinate to draw the string at.
y-the y coordinate to draw the string at.

drawChars

public void drawChars(char data[], int offset, int length, int x, int y)
The drawChars method will draw a string using the current font at the specified coordinates.
Parameters:
data-an array of characters.
offset-the offset within the array of characters that the displayed string will start at.
length-the number of characters to draw.
x-the x coordinate to draw the string at.
y-the y coordinate to draw the string at.

drawBytes

public void drawBytes(byte data[], int offset, int length, int x, int y)
The drawChars method will draw a string using the current font at the specified coordinates.
Parameters:
data-an array of bytes.
offset-the offset within the array of bytes that the displayed string will start at.
length-the number of bytes to draw.
x-the x coordinate to draw the string at.
y-the y coordinate to draw the string at.

drawImage

public abstract boolean drawImage(Image img, int x, int y, ImageObserver observer)
The drawImage method will draw an image at a specified location.
Parameters:
img-an Image class to be drawn using the graphics context.
x-the x coordinate to draw the image at.
y-the y coordinate to draw the image at.
observer-an ImageObserver interface that will be used to notify when the drawing is done.
Returns: A boolean value indicating the success/failure of the draw operation.

drawImage

public abstract boolean drawImage(Image img, int x, int y, int width,
int height, ImageObserver observer)
This drawImage method will draw an image at a specified location within the specified bounding rectangle.
Parameters:
img-an Image class to be drawn using the graphics context.
x-the x coordinate to draw the image at.
y-the y coordinate to draw the image at.
width-the width of the rectangle to draw the image within.
height-the height of the rectangle to draw the image within.
observer-an ImageObserver interface that will be used to notify when the drawing is done.
Returns: A boolean value indicating the success/failure of the draw operation.

drawImage

public abstract boolean drawImage(Image img, int x, int y, Color bgcolor,
ImageObserver observer)
This drawImage method will draw an image at a specified location using the specified background color.
Parameters:
img-an Image class to be drawn using the graphics context.
x-the x coordinate to draw the image at.
y-the y coordinate to draw the image at.
bgcolor-the background color to be used.
observer-an ImageObserver derived object that will be used to notify when the drawing is done.
Returns: A boolean value indicating the success/failure of the draw operation.

drawImage

public abstract boolean drawImage(Image img, int x, int y, int width,
int height, Color bgcolor, ImageObserver observer)
The drawImage method will draw an image at a specified location within a specified bounding rectangle using a specified background color.
Parameters:
img-an Image class to be drawn using the graphics context.
x-the x coordinate to draw the image at.
y-the y coordinate to draw the image at.
width-the width of the bounding rectangle.
height-the height of the bounding rectangle.
bgcolor-the background color to be used.
observer-an ImageObserver interface that will be used to notify when the drawing is done.
Returns: A boolean value indicating the success/failure of the draw operation.

dispose

public abstract void dispose()
The dispose method disposes of the Graphics object.

finalize

public void finalize()
The finalize method disposes of the Graphics object once it is no longer referenced.

toString

public String toString()
The toString method returns a string representation of the Graphics object.
Returns: A String containing the Graphics class name, current color, and current font.

GridBagConstraints

Extends: Object
Implements: Cloneable
A GridBagConstraints class is used in conjunction with a GridBagLayout in order to specify the constraints of the objects being laid out.

Member Constants

public static final int RELATIVE
A public static value representing the relative constraint.
public static final int REMAINDER
A public static value representing the remainder constraint.
public static final int NONE
A public static value representing the none constraint.
public static final int BOTH
A public static value representing the both constraint.
public static final int HORIZONTAL
A public static value representing the horizontal constraint.
public static final int VERTICAL
A public static value representing the vertical constraint.
public static final int CENTER
A public static value representing the center constraint.
public static final int NORTH
A public static value representing the north constraint.
public static final int NORTHEAST
A public static value representing the northeast constraint.
public static final int EAST
A public static value representing the east constraint.
public static final int SOUTHEAST
A public static value representing the southeast constraint.
public static final int SOUTH
A public static value representing the south constraint.
public static final int SOUTHWEST
A public static value representing the southwest constraint.
public static final int WEST
A public static value representing the west constraint.
public static final int NORTHWEST
A public static value representing the northwest constraint.

Member Variables

public int gridx
The gridx variable is used to store the grid x coordinate.
public int gridy
The gridy variable is used to store the grid y coordinate.
public int gridwidth
The gridwidth variable is used to store the grid bounding rectangle width.
public int gridheight
The gridheight variable is used to store the grid bounding rectangle height.
public double weightx
The weightx variable is used to store the horizontal space for a component to reserve for itself. If this is set to 0 (the default), all components within a row will be bunched together in the center of the row.
public double weighty
The weighty variable is used to store the vertical space for a component to reserve for itself. If this is set to 0 (the default), all components within a column will be bunched together in the center of the column.
public int anchor
The anchor variable is used to determine how to display a component when it is smaller than its display area. Valid values for this variable are CENTER (the default), NORTH, NORTHEAST, EAST, SOUTHEAST, SOUTH, SOUTHWEST, WEST, and NORTHWEST.
public int fill
The fill variable is used to determine how to display a component when it is larger than its display area. Valid values for this variable are NONE, HORIZONTAL, VERTICAL, and BOTH.
public Insets insets
The insets variable is used to determine the space between the component and its bounding area.
public int ipadx
The ipadx variable is used to determine the amount of padding to always add to the component on its left and right sides.
public int ipady
The ipady variable is used to determine the amount of padding to always add to the component on its top and bottom sides.

GridBagConstraints Constructor

public GridBagConstraints ()
The GridBagConstraints constructor creates a GridBagConstraints class containing default values.

clone

public Object clone()
The clone method creates a clone of this GridBagConstraints object.
Returns: An Object object representing a clone of this GridBagConstraints object.

GridBagLayout

Extends: Object
Implements: LayoutManager
The GridBagLayout implements the LayoutManager interface. This class uses a rectangular grid of cells to lay out components within the cells. Each component is associated with a GridBagConstraints object that controls how the component is actually laid out within the grid.

Member Variables

public int columnWidths[]
The columnWidths variable is an array of integers representing the widths of each column used by GridBagLayout.
public int rowHeights[]
The rowHeights variable is an array of integers representing the heights of each column used by GridBagLayout.
public double columnWeights[]
The columnWeights variable is an array of doubles representing the space to be distributed for each column.
public double rowWeights[]
The rowWeights variable is an array of doubles representing the space to be distributed for each row.

GridBagLayout Constructor

public GridBagLayout()
The GridBagLayout constructor constructs a GridBagLayout class for use in laying out components on a form.

setConstraints

public void setConstraints(Component comp, GridBagConstraints constraints)
The setConstraints method sets GridBagConstraints for the specified component.
Parameters:
comp-a component to be modified within GridBagLayout.
constraints-the GridBagConstraints that will be applied to the component.

getConstraints

public GridBagConstraints getConstraints(Component comp)
The getConstraints method returns the constraints currently applied to the specified component.
Parameters: comp-a component managed by GridBagLayout.
Returns: A GridBagConstraints class representing the constraints placed upon the specified component.

getLayoutOrigin

public Point getLayoutOrigin ()
The getLayoutOrigin method returns the origin of the layout manager.
Returns: A Point class representing the origin of GridBagLayout.

getLayoutDimensions

public int [][] getLayoutDimensions ()
The getLayoutDimensions method returns an array of dimensions with an element for each component.
Returns: An array containing layout dimensions for components managed by the GridBagLayout.

getLayoutWeights

public double [][] getLayoutWeights()
The getLayoutWeights method returns an array of weights with an element for each component.
Returns: An array containing layout weights for components managed by GridBagLayout.

location

public Point location(int x, int y)
The location method returns a Point object representing the point within the layout manager corresponding to the specified coordinates.
Parameters:
x-the x coordinate.
y-the y coordinate.
Returns: A Point object.

addLayoutComponent

public void addLayoutComponent(String name, Component comp)
The addLayoutComponent method adds a component to GridBagLayout.
Parameters:
name-the name of the component to be added.
comp-the component to be added.

removeLayoutComponent

public void removeLayoutComponent(Component comp)
The removeLayoutComponent method removes a component from the GridBagLayout.
Parameters: comp-the component to be removed.

preferredLayoutSize

public Dimension preferredLayoutSize(Container parent)
The preferredLayoutSize method returns the preferred size for the layout manager given the specified container and the components within it.
Parameters: parent-a Container object containing components.
Returns: A Dimension object specifying the preferred size of the layout manager.

minimumLayoutSize

public Dimension minimumLayoutSize(Container parent)
The minimum preferredLayoutSize method returns the minimum size for the layout manager given the specified container and the components within it.
Parameters: parent-a Container object containing components.
Returns: A Dimension object specifying the minimum size of the layout manager.

layoutContainer

public void layoutContainer(Container parent)
The layoutContainer method lays out the specified container within the layout manager.
Parameters: parent-a Container object containing components.

toString

public String toString()
The toString method returns a string containing information about the GridBagLayout.
Returns: A String containing the name of GridBagLayout.

GridLayout

Extends: Object
Implements: LayoutManager
The GridLayout class implements the LayoutManager interface. It is used to lay out grid objects.

GridLayout Constructor

public GridLayout(int rows, int cols)
The GridLayout constructor constructs a grid layout manager using the specified number of rows and columns.
Parameters:
rows-the number of rows to be laid out.
cols-the number of columns to be laid out.

GridLayout Constructor

public GridLayout(int rows, int cols, int hgap, int vgap)
This GridLayout constructor constructs a grid layout manager using the specified number of rows and columns as well as the horizontal and vertical gaps to be used.
Parameters:
rows-the number of rows to be laid out.
cols-the number of columns to be laid out.
hgap-the horizontal gap value.
vgap-the vertical gap value.

addLayoutComponent

public void addLayoutComponent(String name, Component comp)
The addLayoutComponent method adds a component to GridLayout.
Parameters:
name-the name of the component to be added.
comp-the component to be added.

removeLayoutComponent

public void removeLayoutComponent(Component comp)
The removeLayoutComponent method removes a component from the GridBagLayout.
Parameters: comp-the component to be removed.

preferredLayoutSize

public Dimension preferredLayoutSize(Container parent)
The preferredLayoutSize method returns the preferred size for the layout manager given the specified container and the components within it.
Parameters: parent-a Container object containing components.
Returns: A Dimension object specifying the preferred size of the layout manager.

minimumLayoutSize

public Dimension minimumLayoutSize(Container parent)
The minimum preferredLayoutSize method returns the minimum size for the layout manager given the specified container and the components within it.
Parameters: parent-a Container object containing components.
Returns: A Dimension object specifying the minimum size of the layout manager.

layoutContainer

public void layoutContainer(Container parent)
The layoutContainer method lays out the specified container within the layout manager.
Parameters: parent-a Container object containing components.

toString

public String toString()
The toString method returns a string containing information about the GridLayout.
Returns: A String containing the grid layout's name, hgap, vgap, rows, and cols values.

Image

Extends: Object
An Image class is actually an abstract class. A platform-specific implementation must be provided for it to be used.

getWidth

public abstract int getWidth(ImageObserver observer)
The getWidth method returns the width of the image. If the width of the image is not yet known, ImageObserver will be notified at a later time and -1 will be returned.
Parameters: observer-an ImageObserver-derived object that will be notified if the image is not yet available.
Returns: An integer value representing the width of the image, or -1 if the image is not yet available.

getHeight

public abstract int getHeight(ImageObserver observer)
The getWidth method returns the height of the image. If the height of the image is not yet known, ImageObserver will be notified at a later time and -1 will be returned.
Parameters: observer-an ImageObserver-derived object that will be notified if the image is not yet available.
Returns: An integer value representing the height of the image, or -1 if the image is not yet available.

getSource

public abstract ImageProducer getSource()
The getSource method returns the ImageProducer interface responsible for producing the Image's pixels.
Returns: An ImageProducer interface used by the image-filtering classes in package java.awt.Image.

getGraphics

public abstract Graphics getGraphics()
The getGraphics method is used to return a graphics context for drawing into. This function is used for offscreen image operations such as double buffering of an image.
Returns: A Graphics object used for image-drawing purposes.

getProperty

public abstract Object getProperty(String name, ImageObserver observer)
The getProperty method is used to return image property information (each image type has its own set of properties).
Parameters:
name-the image property name to be returned.
observer-an ImageObserver-derived object that will be notified if the image is not yet ready.
Returns: The Property object that corresponds with the property requested. If the image is not yet available, this method returns null. If the property was undefined, an UndefinedProperty object is returned.

flush

public abstract void flush()
The flush method flushes all image data. Calling this method returns the image to its initial empty state; therefore, the image will need to be re-created after calling this method.

Insets

Extends: Object
Implements: Cloneable
The Insets class encapsulate the insets of a container.

Member Variables

public int top >
An integer value representing the inset from the top.
public int left
An integer value representing the inset from the left.
public int bottom
An integer value representing the inset from the bottom.
public int right
An integer value representing the inset from the right.

Insets Constructor

public Insets(int top, int left, int bottom, int right)
This Insets constructor creates an Insets object from the specified values.
Parameters:
top-an integer value representing the inset from the top.
left-an integer value representing the inset from the left.
bottom-an integer value representing the inset from the bottom.
right-an integer value representing the inset from the right.

toString

public String toString()
The toString method provides a string representation of the Insets class.
Returns: A String value containing the Insets's name, top, left, bottom, and right values.

clone

public Object clone()
The clone method creates and returns a clone of the Insets object.
Returns: An Object class representing a clone of the current Insets.

Label

Extends: Component
A Label is a component used to display a single line of text on the screen.

Member Constants

public static final int LEFT
A static integer value representing left alignment.
public static final int CENTER
A static integer value representing center alignment.
public static final int RIGHT
A static integer value representing right alignment.

Label Constructor

public Label()
The Label constructor constructs a label with no string.

Label Constructor

public Label(String label)
This Label constructor constructs a label using the specified string.
Parameters: label-a String that will be displayed as the label.

Label Constructor

public Label(String label, int alignment)
This Label constructor constructs a label using the specified string and alignment.
Parameters:
label-a String that will be displayed as the label.
alignment-an alignment value (CENTER, LEFT, or RIGHT).

addNotify

public synchronized void addNotify()
The addNotify method creates the peer interface for the label. Using a peer interface allows the user interface of the label to be modified without changing the functionality.

getAlignment

public int getAlignment()
The getAlignment method returns the label's current alignment.
Returns: An integer value representing the label's current alignment (LEFT, RIGHT, or CENTER).

setAlignment

public void setAlignment(int alignment)
The setAlignment method sets the label's current alignment.
Parameters: alignment-an integer value representing the label's new alignment (LEFT, RIGHT, or CENTER).

getText

public String getText()
The getText method returns the label's current text string.
Returns: A String value representing the label's current text.

setText

public void setText(String label)
The setText method sets the label's current text string.
Parameters: label-a String value representing the label's new text.

List

Extends: Component
A List component is a scrolling list of text items. Lists can allow multiple selection and visible lines.

List Constructor

public List()
The List constructor creates a List object with no lines or multiple selection capability.

List Constructor

public List(int rows, boolean multipleSelections)
This List constructor constructs a List object with the specified lines and multiple selection capability.
Parameters:
rows-the number of items in the list.
multipleSelections-a boolean value that is true if multiple selections are allowed, false if not.

addNotify

public synchronized void addNotify()
The addNotify method creates the peer interface for the list. Using a peer interface allows the user interface of the list to be modified without changing the functionality.

removeNotify

public synchronized void removeNotify()
The removeNotify method removes the peer for the list.

countItems

public int countItems()
The countItems method returns the number of items in the list.
Returns: An integer value representing the number of items in the list.

getItem

public String getItem(int index)
The getItem method returns the item at the specified list index.
Parameters: index-an integer value representing the index into the list's string elements.
Returns: The String value stored at the specified list index.

addItem

public synchronized void addItem(String item)
The addItem method adds a String item to the end of the list.
Parameters: item-a String item to be added to the end of the list.

addItem

public synchronized void addItem(String item, int index)
This addItem method adds a String item at the specified index within the list.
Parameters:
item-a String item to be added to the list.
index-an integer value representing the index within the list to add the String to (if this value is -1 or greater than the number of items within the list, the String item will be added to the end of the list).

replaceItem

public synchronized void replaceItem(String newValue, int index)
The replaceItems method replaces the current item at the specified index with the new String item.
Parameters:
newValue-a String value representing the new String to be used to modify the list.
index-an integer value representing the index within the list to be replaced with the new string (if this value is -1 or greater than the number of items within the list, the String item will be added to the end of the list).

clear

public synchronized void clear()
The clear method will clear the list's string of items.

delItem

public synchronized void delItem(int position)
The delItem method will delete the String item stored at the specified position within the list.
Parameters: position-an integer value representing the position of the string to be deleted.

delItems

public synchronized void delItems(int start, int end)
The delItems method will delete a sequence of String items stored at the specified positions within the list.
Parameters:
start-an integer value representing the first position containing a string to be deleted.
end-an integer value representing the last position containing a string to be deleted.

getSelectedIndex

public synchronized int getSelectedIndex()
The getSelectedIndex method returns the index of the currently selected position within the list.
Returns: An integer value representing the currently selected position within the list.

getSelectedIndexes

public synchronized int[] getSelectedIndexes()
The getSelectedIndexes method returns an array containing all of the currently selected positions within the list.
Returns: An array of integers containing the currently selected positions within the list.

getSelectedItem

public synchronized String getSelectedItem()
The getSelectedItem method returns the string at the currently selected position within the list.
Returns: The String value that is at the currently selected position within the list.

getSelectedItems

public synchronized String[] getSelectedItems()
The getSelectedItems method returns an array of Strings that are at the currently selected positions within the list.
Returns: An array of strings that are at the currently selected positions within the list.

select

public synchronized void select(int index)
The select method selects the item in the list at the specified index position.
Parameters: index-an integer value representing the position to be selected within the list.

deselect

public synchronized void deselect(int index)
The deselect method deselects the item in the list at the specified index position.
Parameters: index-an integer value representing the position to be deselected within the list.

isSelected

public synchronized boolean isSelected(int index)
The isSelected method checks the specified index position to see wether it is currently selected.
Parameters: index-an integer value representing the position to be checked within the list.
Returns: A boolean value that will be true if the specified index position is slected, false if not.

getRows

public int getRows()
The getRows method returns the number of rows within the list.
Returns: An integer value representing the number of rows currently in the list.

allowsMultipleSelections

public boolean allowsMultipleSelections()
The allowsMultipleSelections method returns the multiple selection state of the List object.
Returns: A boolean value that will be true if multiple selections are allowed, false if not.

setMultipleSelections

public void setMultipleSelections(boolean v)
The setMultipleSelections method sets the multiple selection state of the List object.
Parameters: v-a boolean value that will be true if multiple selections are to be allowed, false if not.

getVisibleIndex

public int getVisibleIndex()
The getVisibleIndex method returns the index of the item that was last made visible by the makeVisible method.
Returns: An integer value representing the index of the item that was just made visible by the makeVisible method.

makeVisible

public void makeVisible(int index)
The makeVisible method forces the list item at the specified index position to be visible.
Parameters: index-the index position of the item that is to be made visible.

preferredSize

public Dimension preferredSize(int rows)
The preferredSize method returns the preferred size of the List object based on the specified number of rows.
Parameters: rows-the number of rows used to determine the list's preferred size.
Returns: A Dimension object representing the preferred size of the list.

preferredSize

public Dimension preferredSize()
This preferredSize method returns the preferred size of the List object based on its current number of rows.
Returns: A Dimension object representing the preferred size of the list.

minimumSize

public Dimension minimumSize(int rows)
The minimumSize method returns the minimum size of the List object based on the specified number of rows.
Parameters: rows-the number of rows used to determine the list's minimum size.
Returns: A Dimension object representing the minimum size of the list.

minimumSize

public Dimension minimumSize()
This minimumSize method returns the minimum size of the List object based on its current number of rows.
Returns: A Dimension object representing the minimum size of the list.

MediaTracker

Extends: Object
The MediaTracker class is provided to track the status of media objects. At the current time, only images are supported, but this functionality could be extended to support audio and video as well.

Member Constants

public static final int LOADING
A static integer value representing the LOADING status.
public static final int ABORTED

A static integer value representing the ABORTED status.

public static final int ERRORED
A static integer value representing the ERRORED status.
public static final int COMPLETE
A static integer value representing the COMPLETE status.

MediaTracker Constructor

public MediaTracker(Component comp)
The MediaTracker constructor creates a MediaTracker object to track images for the specified component.
Parameters: comp-a component that will use a MediaTracker object to track images.

addImage

public void addImage(Image image, int id)
The addImage method will add the specified Image to the list of images being tracked by the MediaTracker. The Image will be rendered at its default size.
Parameters:
image-the Image object to be added to the list.
id-an identification used to reference the Image object.

addImage

public synchronized void addImage(Image image, int id, int w, int h)
This addImage method will add the specified Image to the list of images being tracked by the MediaTracker. The image will be rendered at its specified size.
Parameters:
image-the Image object to be added to the list.
id-an ID used to reference the Image object.
w-the width the image will be rendered at.
h-the height the image will be rendered at.

checkAll

public boolean checkAll()
The checkAll method is used to check if all of the images have been loaded.
Returns: A boolean value that is true if all of the images have been loaded, false if not.

checkAll

public synchronized boolean checkAll(boolean load)
This checkAll method is used to check whether all of the images have been loaded. The load parameter forces the MediaTracker to load any images that are not currently being loaded.
Parameters: load-a boolean value that, if true, will force the MediaTracker to load any images that are not currently being loaded.
Returns: A boolean value that is true if all of the images have been loaded, false if not.

isErrorAny

public synchronized boolean isErrorAny()
The isErrorAny method checks the status of all images being tracked by the MediaTracker.
Returns: A boolean value that will be true if any image loaded had an error value, false if not.

getErrorsAny

public synchronized Object[] getErrorsAny()
The getErrorsAny method checks the status of all images being tracked by the MediaTracker and returns an array of all media objects that have generated an error.
Returns: An array of media objects that have encountered an error. This array will be null if no objects have encountered an error.

waitForAll

public void waitForAll() throws InterruptedException
The waitForAll method begins to load all Images without being interrupted. If there is an error, the InterruptedException is thrown.
Throws: InterruptedException if another thread has interrupted this thread.

waitForAll

public synchronized boolean waitForAll(long ms) throws InterruptedException
This waitForAll method begins to load all images without being interrupted. This method will continue to load images until there is an error or until the specified timeout has elapsed. If there is an error, the InterruptedException is thrown.
Parameters: ms-a long integer value representing the timeout value (in milliseconds) to wait before halting the loading of images.
Returns: A boolean value that will return true if all of the images were successfully loaded before timing out, false if not.
Throws: InterruptedException if another thread has interrupted this thread.

statusAll

public int statusAll(boolean load)
The statusAll method returns the boolean OR of all of the media objects being tracked.
Parameters: load-a boolean value that specifies whether to start the image loading.
Returns: The boolean OR of all of the media objects being tracked. This value can be LOADED, ABORTED, ERRORED, or COMPLETE.

checkID

public boolean checkID(int id)
The checkID method checks to see if all images tagged with the specified ID have been loaded.
Parameters: id-an integer tag used to identify a media object or objects.
Returns: A boolean value that is true if all objects with the specified ID have been loaded, false if not.

checkID

public synchronized boolean checkID(int id, boolean load)
The checkID method checks to see whether all images tagged with the specified id have been loaded. These images will be loaded based on the value of the load parameter.
Parameters:
id-an integer tag used to identify a media object or objects.
load-a boolean value that is true if all objects with the specified identifier are to be loaded, false if not.
Returns: A boolean value that is true if all objects with the specified identifier have been loaded, false if not.

isErrorID

public synchronized boolean isErrorID(int id)
The isErrorID method checks the error status of all media objects with the specified id.
Parameters: id-an integer tag used to identify a media object or objects.
Returns: A boolean value that is true if all objects were loaded without error, false if not.

getErrorsID

public synchronized Object[] getErrorsID(int id)
The getErrorsAny method checks the status of all images being tracked by the MediaTracker whose id match the specified id. It returns an array of all media objects that have generated an error.
Parameters: id-an integer tag used to identify a media object or objects.
Returns: An array of media objects that have encountered an error. This array will be null if no objects have encountered an error.

waitForID

public void waitForID(int id) throws InterruptedException
The waitForID method begins to load all images with the specified id without being interrupted. If there is an error, the InterruptedException is thrown.
Parameters: id-an integer tag used to identify a media object or objects.
Throws: InterruptedException if another thread has interrupted this thread.

waitForID

public synchronized boolean waitForID(int id, long ms) throws
InterruptedException
This waitForID method begins to load all images with the specified ID without being interrupted. This method will continue to load images until there is an error or until the specified timeout has elapsed. If there is an error, the InterruptedException is thrown.
Parameters:
id-an integer tag used to identify a media object or objects.
ms-a long integer value representing the timeout value (in milliseconds) to wait before halting the loading of images.
Returns: A boolean value that will return true if all of the images were successfully loaded before timing out, false if not.
Throws: InterruptedException if another thread has interrupted this thread.

statusID

public int statusID(int id, boolean load)
The statusID method returns the boolean OR of all of the media objects being tracked with the specified id.
Parameters:
id-an integer tag used to identify a media object or objects.
load-a boolean value that specifies whether to start the image loading.
Returns: The boolean OR of all the media objects being tracked. This value can be LOADED, ABORTED, ERRORED, or COMPLETE.

Menu

Extends: MenuItem
Implements: MenuContainer
A Menu is a component of a menu bar.

Menu Constructor

public Menu(String label)
The Menu constructor constructs a menu using the specified label string.
Parameters: label-a String value that will be displayed as the menu's label.

Menu Constructor

public Menu(String label, boolean tearOff)
This Menu constructor constructs a menu using the specified label string and tear-off option.
Parameters:
label-a String value that will be displayed as the menu's label.
tearOff-a boolean value that is true if this menu is to be a tear-off menu, false if not.

addNotify

public synchronized void addNotify()
The addNotify method creates the peer interface for the menu. Using a peer interface allows the user interface of the menu to be modified without changing the functionality.

removeNotify

public synchronized void removeNotify()
The removeNotify method removes the peer for the menu.

isTearOff

public boolean isTearOff()
The isTearOff method returns the tear-off status of the menu.
Returns: A boolean value that will be true if the menu is a tear-off menu, false if not.

countItems

public int countItems()
The countItems method returns the number of items in this menu.
Returns: An integer value representing the number of items that have been added to this menu.

getItem

public MenuItem getItem(int index)
The getItem method returns the MenuItem object at the specified index in the menu list.
Parameters: index-an integer value representing the position of the menu item to be returned.
Returns: A MenuItem object at the specified position.

add

public synchronized MenuItem add(MenuItem mi)
The add method adds the specified menu item to the menu's list.
Parameters: mi-the MenuItem object to be added to the list.
Returns: A MenuItem object that was added to the list.

add

public void add(String label)
This add method adds a MenuItem with the specified label to the menu.
Parameters: label-a String value representing the label to be added to the menu's list.

addSeparator

public void addSeparator()
The addSeparator method adds a separator menu item to the menu.
remove
public synchronized void remove(int index)
The remove method removes the menu item at the specified index.
Parameters: index-the position within the menu's item list to be removed from the list.

remove

public synchronized void remove(MenuComponent item)
This remove method removes the menu item specified in the item parameter.
Parameters: item-the MenuComponent object to be removed from the menu's item list.

MenuBar

Extends: MenuComponent
Implements: MenuContainer
A MenuBar object represents a menu bar on a frame. A MenuBar object attaches to a Frame object using the method Frame.setMenuBar.

MenuBar Constructor

public MenuBar()
The MenuBar constructor constructs an empty MenuBar object.

addNotify

public synchronized void addNotify()
The addNotify method creates the peer interface for the menu bar. Using a peer interface allows the user interface of the menu bar to be modified without changing the functionality.

removeNotify

public synchronized void removeNotify()
The removeNotify method removes the peer for the menu bar.

getHelpMenu

public Menu getHelpMenu()
The getHelpMenu method returns the help menu on the menu bar.
Returns: A Menu object representing the menu bar's help menu.

setHelpMenu

public synchronized void setHelpMenu(Menu m)
The setHelpMenu method sets the help menu for the menu bar.
Parameters: m-a Menu object representing the menu bar's help menu.

add

public synchronized Menu add(Menu m)
The add method adds the specified menu to the menu bar.
Parameters: m-a Menu object that is to be added to the menu bar.
Returns: The Menu object that was added to the menu bar.

remove

public synchronized void remove(int index)
The remove method removes the menu located at the specified index on the menu bar.
Parameters: index-the position of the menu to be removed within the menu bar's list of menus.

remove

public synchronized void remove(MenuComponent m)
This remove method removes the specified menu component from the menu bar.
Parameters: m-a MenuComponent object to be removed from the menu bar.

countMenus

public int countMenus()
The countMenus method returns the number of menus located on this menu bar.
Returns: An integer value representing the number of menus located on this menu bar.

getMenu

public Menu getMenu(int i)
The getMenu method returns the Menu object at the specified location within the menu bar's list of menus.
Parameters: i-an integer value representing the position of the menu to be retrieved from the menu bar's list.
Returns: A Menu object returned from the menu bar's list.

MenuComponent

Extends: Object
The MenuComponent class serves as the base class for all menu-type components such as Menu, MenuBar, and MenuItem.

getParent

public MenuContainer getParent()
The getParent method returns the parent menu container of the menu component.
Returns: A MenuContainer object that is the parent of the menu component.

getPeer

public MenuComponentPeer getPeer()
The getPeer method returns the MenuComponentPeer interface for the MenuComponent object. The MenuComponentPeer interface allows the user interface of a MenuComponent to be changed without changing its functionality.
Returns: A MenuComponentPeer interface.

getFont

public Font getFont()
The getFont method returns the current default font for the MenuComponent.
Returns: A Font object.

setFont

public void setFont(Font f)
The setFont method is used to set the display font for the MenuComponent.
Parameters: f-the Font object representing the menu component's new font.

removeNotify

public void removeNotify()
The removeNotify removes the peer for this menu component.

postEvent

public boolean postEvent(Event evt)
The postEvent method posts the specified event to the menu component.
Parameters: evt-the Event object containing the current event that applies to the menu component.

toString

public String toString()
The toString method returns a string representation of the MenuComponent object.
Returns: A String containing the menu component's name.

MenuItem

Extends: MenuComponent
A MenuItem represents a choice in a menu.

MenuItem Constructor

public MenuItem(String label)
The MenuItem constructor constructs a menu item using the specified label string.
Parameters: label-the String that will be displayed as the menu item's label.

addNotify

public synchronized void addNotify()
The addNotify method creates the peer interface for the menu item. Using a peer interface allows the user interface of the menu item to be modified without changing the functionality.

getLabel

public String getLabel()
The getLabel method returns the label string for the menu item.
Returns: A String value representing the menu item's displayed label.

setLabel

public void setLabel(String label)
The setLabel method is used to change the string label of the menu item.
Parameters: label-a String value representing the menu item's displayed label.

isEnabled

public boolean isEnabled()
The isEnabled method can be called to determine whether the menu item is enabled.
Returns: A boolean value that will be true if the menu item is enabled, false if not.

enable

public void enable()
The enable method enables the menu item.

enable

public void enable(boolean cond)
This enable method enables the menu item based on the specified condition.
Parameters: cond-a boolean value that will conditionally enable the menu item.

disable

public void disable()
The disable method disables the menu item, making it unselectable by the user.

paramString

public String paramString()
The paramString method returns a string representation of the menu item.
Returns: A String value containing the menu item's label string.

Panel

Extends: Container
The Panel class represents a generic container for graphical elements.

Panel Constructor

public Panel()
The Panel constructor constructs a default Panel object that will use the FlowLayout layout manager.

addNotify

public synchronized void addNotify()
The addNotify method creates the peer interface for the panel. Using a peer interface allows the user interface of the panel to be modified without changing the functionality.

Point

Extends: Object
A Point class encapsulates an x,y coordinate.

Member Variables

public int x
The x variable represents the x coordinate of the point.
public int y
The y variable represents the y coordinate of the point.

Point Constructor

public Point(int x, int y)
The Point constructor constructs a Point object using the specified coordinates.
Parameters:
x-the x coordinate of the point.
y-the y coordinate of the point.

move

public void move(int x, int y)
The move method moves the point to the new specified coordinates.
Parameters:
x-the new x coordinate of the point.
y-the new y coordinate of the point.

translate

public void translate(int x, int y)
The translate method translates the point by the specified coordinates.
Parameters:
x-the x amount to transfer the point.
y-the y amount to transfer the point.

hashCode

public int hashCode()
The hashCode method returns a hash code for the point.
Returns: An integer value that represents the point's hash code.

equals

public boolean equals(Object obj)
The equals method compares the Point object to the specified object.
Parameters: obj-the object to compare the point to.
Returns: A boolean value representing the result of the comparison (true or false).

toString

public String toString()
The toString method returns a string representation of the Point object.
Returns: A String containing the point's name and x and y values.

Polygon

Extends: Object
A Polygon contains a list of x,y coordinates, unlike a Point class, which contains only one coordinate set.

Member Variables

public int npoints
The npoint variable represents the total number of points within the Polygon.
public int xpoints[]
The xpoints variable is an integer array of all of the x coordinate points.
public int ypoints[]
The ypoints variable is an integer array of all of the y coordinate points.

Polygon Constructor

public Polygon()
The Polygon constructor constructs an empty Polygon object.

Polygon

public Polygon(int xpoints[], int ypoints[], int npoints)
This Polygon constructor constructs a Polygon object using the specified coordinates.
Parameters:
xpoints-an array of integers representing the x coordinate points of the polygon.
ypoints-an array of integers representing the y coordinate points of the polygon.
npoints-an integer value representing the number of points in the polygon.

addPoint

public void addPoint(int x, int y)
The addPoint method adds a point to the polygon.
Parameters:
x-the x coordinate of the point to be added.
y-the y coordinate of the point to be added.

getBoundingBox

public Rectangle getBoundingBox()
The getBoundingBox returns the rectangular bounding box for the polygon.
Returns: A Rectangle object representing the bounding box for the polygon.

inside

public boolean inside(int x, int y)
The inside method determines whether the specified coordinates are inside the polygon's bounding rectangle.
Parameters:
x-the x coordinate to check.
y-the y coordinate to check.
Returns: A boolean value that is true if the coordinates are inside the polygon's bounding rectangle, false if not.

Rectangle

Extends: Object
A Rectangle class specifies the dimensions of a rectangle using x, y, height, and width values.

Member Variables

public int x
The x variable stores the rectangle's x coordinate.
public int y
The y variable stores the rectangle's y coordinate.
public int width
The width variable stores the rectangle's width.
public int height
The height variable stores the rectangle's height.

Rectangle Constructor

public Rectangle()
The Rectangle constructor constructs a rectangle of zero size.

Rectangle Constructor

public Rectangle(int x, int y, int width, int height)
This Rectangle constructor constructs a rectangle using the specified coordinates.
Parameters:
x-the x coordinate of the rectangle.
y-the y coordinate of the rectangle.
width-the width of the rectangle.
height-the height of the rectangle.

Rectangle Constructor

public Rectangle(int width, int height)
This Rectangle constructor constructs a rectangle using the specified width and height.
Parameters:
width-the width of the rectangle.
height-the height of the rectangle.

Rectangle Constructor

public Rectangle(Point p, Dimension d)
This Rectangle constructor constructs a rectangle using the specified coordinates and size.
Parameters:
p-a Point object containing the rectangle's x and y coordinates.
d-a Dimension object containing the rectangle's size.

Rectangle Constructor

public Rectangle(Point p)
This Rectangle constructor constructs a rectangle using the specified point.
Parameters: p-a Point object containing the rectangle's x and y coordinates.

Rectangle Constructor

public Rectangle(Dimension d)
This Rectangle constructor constructs a rectangle using the specified Dimension.
Parameters: d-a Dimension object containing the rectangle's size.

reshape

public void reshape(int x, int y, int width, int height)
The reshape method resizes the rectangle's coordinates and size.
Parameters:
x-the x coordinate of the rectangle.
y-the y coordinate of the rectangle.
width-the width of the rectangle.
height-the height of the rectangle.

move

public void move(int x, int y)
The move method moves the rectangle to the specified coordinates.
Parameters:
x-the x coordinate of the rectangle.
y-the y coordinate of the rectangle.

translate

public void translate(int x, int y)
The translate method translates the rectangle by the specified coordinates.
Parameters:
x-the x translation amount of the rectangle's coordinates.
y-the y translation amount of the rectangle's coordinates.

resize

public void resize(int width, int height)
The resize method changes the rectangle's size to the specified parameters.
Parameters:
width-the width of the rectangle.
height-the height of the rectangle.

inside

public boolean inside(int x, int y)
The inside method determines whether the specified coordinates are inside the rectangle's bounding rectangle.
Parameters:
x-the x coordinate to be checked.
y-the y coordinate to be checked.
Returns: A boolean value that is true if the coordinates are within the bounding rectangle, false if not.

intersects

public boolean intersects(Rectangle r)
The intersects method determines whether the specified rectangle intersects the rectangle's bounding rectangle.
Parameters: r-a Rectangle object to be checked for intersection with the rectangle.
Returns: A boolean value that is true if the objects intersect, false if not.

intersection

public Rectangle intersection(Rectangle r)
The intersection computes the intersection rectangle (if any) of the two rectangles.
Parameters: r-a Rectangle object to be tested for intersection with the rectangle.
Returns: A Rectangle object that is the intersection of the two Rectangle objects.

union

public Rectangle union(Rectangle r)
The union method returns the union of the two rectangles.
Parameters: r-a Rectangle object that will be used to determine the union rectangle.
Returns: A Rectangle object representing the union of the two rectangles.

add

public void add(int newx, int newy)
The add method adds a new point to the rectangle using the specified coordinates. This results in the smallest possible rectangle that contains the current rectangle and the coordinates.
Parameters:
newx-an integer value representing the x coordinate of the point.
newy-an integer value representing the y coordinate of the point.

add

public void add(Point pt)
This add method adds a new point to the rectangle using the specified Point object. This results in the smallest possible rectangle that contains the current rectangle and the point's coordinates.
Parameters: pt-a Point object representing the point's coordinates.

add

public void add(Rectangle r)
This add method adds a new rectangle to the existing rectangle. This results in the union of the two rectangles (current and new).
Parameters: r-a Rectangle object that will be used to perform a union with the rectangle.

grow

public void grow(int h, int v)
The grow method grows the Rectangle object by the specified horizontal and vertical amounts. The x and y coordinates will be shifted by the specified amounts, and the height and width sizes will also be increased by the specified amounts.
Parameters:
h-an integer amount representing the amount to grow the rectangle by in the horizontal direction.
v-an integer amount representing the amount to grow the rectangle by in the vertical direction.

isEmpty

public boolean isEmpty()
The isEmpty method is used to determine whether the rectangle's width and height are less than or equal to zero.
Returns: A boolean value that will be true if the rectangle is empty, false if not.

hashCode

public int hashCode()
The hashCode method returns the hash code for the rectangle.
Parameters: An integer value representing the rectangle's hash code.

equals

public boolean equals(Object obj)
The equals method compares the specified object with the rectangle.
Parameters: obj-an object to be compared with the rectangle.
Returns: A boolean value that is true if the two objects are equal, false if they are not.

toString

public String toString()
The toString method returns a String representation of the rectangle's contents.
Returns: A String containing the rectangle's name, x, y, height, and width values.

Scrollbar

Extends: Component
A Scrollbar component can be added to a frame or other object to provide scrolling capabilities.

Member Constants

public static final int HORIZONTAL
The HORIZONTAL static int value represents the horizontal scrollbar orientation variable.

public static final int VERTICAL
The VERTICAL static int value represents the vertical scrollbar orientation variable.

Scrollbar Constructor

public Scrollbar()
The Scrollbar constructor constructs a default scrollbar.

Scrollbar Constructor

public Scrollbar(int orientation)
This Scrollbar constructor constructs a scrollbar with the specified orientation.
Parameters: orientation-an integer value that can be either HORIZONTAL or VERTICAL.

Scrollbar Constructor

public Scrollbar(int orientation, int value, int visible, int minimum,
int maximum)
This Scrollbar constructor constructs a complete scrollbar using the specified orientation and properties.
Parameters:
orientation-an integer value that can be either HORIZONTAL or VERTICAL.
value-an integer value representing the scrollbar's value.
visible-an integer value representing the size of the scrollbar's visible portion.
minimum-an integer value representing the scrollbar's minimum value.
maximum-an integer value representing the scrollbar's maximum value.

addNotify

public synchronized void addNotify()
The addNotify method creates the peer interface for the scrollbar. Using a peer interface allows the user interface of the scrollbar to be modified without changing the functionality.

getOrientation

public int getOrientation()
The getOrientation method returns the orientation value of the scrollbar.
Returns: An integer value that can be either HORIZONTAL or VERTICAL.

getValue

public int getValue()
The getValue method returns the current value of the scrollbar.
Returns: An integer value representing the value of the scrollbar.

setValue

public void setValue(int value)
The setValue method set the value of the scrollbar to the specified value.
Parameters: value-An integer value representing the new value of the scrollbar.

getMinimum

public int getMinimum()
The getMinimum method returns the minimum value of the scrollbar.
Returns: An integer value representing the scrollbar's minimum value.

getMaximum

public int getMaximum()
The getMaximum method returns the maximum value of the scrollbar.
Returns: An integer value representing the scrollbar's maximum value.

getVisible

public int getVisible()
The getVisible portion returns the visible amount of the scrollbar.
Returns: An integer value representing the scrollbar's visible amount.

setLineIncrement

public void setLineIncrement(int l)
The setLineIncrement method sets the line increment for the scrollbar.
Parameters: l-an integer value representing the line increment for the scrollbar, which is the amount that the scrollbar's position increases or decreases when the user clicks its up or down widgets.

getLineIncrement

public int getLineIncrement()
The getLineIncrement method returns the line increment for the scrollbar.
Returns: An integer value representing the line increment for the scrollbar, which is the amount that the scrollbar's position increases or decreases when the user clicks its up or down widgets.

setPageIncrement

public void setPageIncrement(int l)
The setPageIncrement method sets the page increment for the scrollbar.
Parameters: l-an integer value representing the page increment for the scrollbar, which is the amount that the scrollbar's position increases or decreases when the user clicks its page up or page down widgets.

getPageIncrement

public int getPageIncrement()
The getPageIncrement method returns the page increment for the scrollbar.
Returns: An integer value representing the page increment for the scrollbar, which is the amount that the scrollbar's position increases or decreases when the user clicks its page up or page down widgets.

setValues

public void setValues(int value, int visible, int minimum, int maximum)
The setValues method sets the scrollbar's properties based on the specified values.
Parameters:
value-an integer value representing the current value of the scrollbar.
visible-an integer value representing the visible amount of the scrollbar.
minimum-an integer value representing the scrollbar's minimum value.
maximum-an integer value representing the scrollbar's maximum value.

TextArea

Extends: TextComponent
A TextArea class represents a multiline component that can be used for text display or editing.

TextArea Constructor

public TextArea()
The TextArea constructor constructs a TextArea object.

TextArea

public TextArea(int rows, int cols)
This TextArea constructor constructs a TextArea object using the specified row and column values.
Parameters:
rows-an integer value specifying the number of rows to use.
cols-an integer value specifying the number of columns to use.

TextArea Constructor

public TextArea(String text)
This TextArea constructor constructs a TextArea object using the specified text.
Parameters: text-a String value containing the text to be displayed in the text area.

TextArea Constructor

public TextArea(String text, int rows, int cols)
This TextArea constructor constructs a TextArea object using the specified row, column, and text values.
Parameters:
text-a String value containing the text to be displayed in the text area.
rows-an integer value specifying the number of rows to use.
cols-an integer value specifying the number of columns to use.

addNotify

public synchronized void addNotify()
The addNotify method creates the peer interface for the text area. Using a peer interface allows the user interface of the text area to be modified without changing the functionality.

insertText

public void insertText(String str, int pos)
The insertText method inserts a text string into the text area's text at the specified position.
Parameters:
str-a String value containing the text to be inserted in the text area.
pos-an integer value specifying the position to insert the text string into.

appendText

public void appendText(String str)
The appendText method appends a text string onto the text area's text.
Parameters: str-a String value containing the text to be appended in the text area.

replaceText

public void replaceText(String str, int start, int end)
The replaceText method replaces a section of the text area's text at the specified positions with the specified text string.
Parameters:
str-a String value containing the text that will replace the text area's current text.
start-the starting position of the text to be replaced within the text area.
end-the ending position of the text to be replaced within the text area.

getRows

public int getRows()
The getRows method returns the number of rows within the text area.
Returns: An integer value representing the number of rows within the text area.

getColumns

public int getColumns()
The getColumns method returns the number of columns within the text area.
Returns: An integer value representing the number of rows within the text area.

preferredSize

public Dimension preferredSize(int rows, int cols)
The preferredSize method returns the preferred size of a text area comprising the specified rows and columns.
Parameters:
rows-the number of rows in the text area.
cols-the number of columns in the text area.
Returns: A Dimension object representing the preferred size of the specified text area.

preferredSize

public Dimension preferredSize()
This preferredSize method returns the preferred size dimension of a TextArea object.
Returns: A Dimension object representing the preferred size of a text area.

minimumSize

public Dimension minimumSize(int rows, int cols)
The minimumSize method returns the minimum size of a text area comprised of the specified rows and columns.
Parameters:
rows-the number of rows in the text area.
cols-the number of columns in the text area.
Returns: A Dimension object representing the minimum size of the specified text area.

minimumSize

public Dimension minimumSize()
This minimumSize method returns the minimum size dimension of a TextArea object.
Returns: A Dimension object representing the minimum size of a text area.

TextComponent

Extends: Component
The TextComponent class is a component that provides some text for display or editing. It serves as the base class for the TextArea and TextField classes.

removeNotify

public synchronized void removeNotify()
The removeNotify method removes the text component's peer interface. A peer interface can be used to modify the text component's user interface without changing its functionality.

setText

public void setText(String t)
The setText method sets the text component's displayed text to the specified String value.
Parameters: t-a String value representing the string to be stored in the text component's text value.

getText

public String getText()
The getText method returns the text component's text value.
Returns: A String value representing the text component's text value.

getSelectedText

public String getSelectedText()
The getSelectedText method returns the selected text contained in this text component.
Returns: A String value representing the text component's text value.

isEditable

public boolean isEditable()
The isEditable method is used to determine whether the text component's text can be edited.
Returns: A boolean value that is true if the text can be edited, false if not.

setEditable

public void setEditable(boolean t)
The setEditable method is used to set the text component's edit property.
Parameters: t-a boolean value that is true if the text can be edited, false if not.

getSelectionStart

public int getSelectionStart()
The getSelectionStart method returns the starting position of the selected text in the text component.
Returns: An integer value representing the position of the first selected character in the text component.

getSelectionEnd

public int getSelectionEnd()
The getSelectionEnd method returns the ending position of the selected text in the text component.
Returns: An integer value representing the position of the last selected character in the text component.

select

public void select(int selStart, int selEnd)
The select method selects a portion of the text component's text based on the specified position.
Parameters:
selStart-an integer value representing the position of the first character to be selected in the text component.
selEnd-an integer value representing the position of the last character to be selected in the text component.

selectAll

public void selectAll()
The selectAll method selects all of the text component's text.

TextField

Extends: TextComponent
The TextField class provides a single line of text for display or editing.

TextField Constructor

public TextField()
The TextField constructor constructs a text field of default size.

TextField Constructor

public TextField(int cols)
This TextField constructor constructs a text field using the specified column size.
Parameters: cols-the number of characters that can be entered into the text field.

TextField Constructor

public TextField(String text)
This TextField constructor constructs a text field using the specified input string.
Parameters: text-the default text to be displayed within the text field.

TextField Constructor

public TextField(String text, int cols)
This TextField constructor constructs a text field using the specified input string and column values.
Parameters:
text-the default text to be displayed within the text field.
Cols-the number of columns to display.

addNotify

public synchronized void addNotify()
The addNotify method creates the peer interface for the text field. Using a peer interface allows the user interface of the text field to be modified without changing the functionality.

getEchoChar

public char getEchoChar()
The getEchoChar method retrieves the character that will be used for echoing.
Returns: A character value that represents the character that will be used for echoing.

echoCharIsSet

public boolean echoCharIsSet()
The echoCharIsSet method is used to determine whether the echo character has been set.
Returns: A boolean value that is true if the echo character has been set, false if not.

getColumns

public int getColumns()
The getColumns method returns the number of columns used in the display area of this text field.
Returns: An integer value representing the number of columns (characters) that will be displayed by the text field.

setEchoCharacter

public void setEchoCharacter(char c)
The setEchoCharacter method is used to set the character that will be used for echoing. Echoing is often used on password fields so that the actual characters entered won't be echoed to the screen.
Parameters: c-a character value representing the character to be echoed to the screen.

preferredSize

public Dimension preferredSize(int cols)
This preferredSize method returns the preferred size dimension of a text field object.
Returns: A Dimension object representing the preferred size of a text field.

minimumSize

public Dimension minimumSize(int cols)
The minimumSize method returns the minimum size of a text field comprised of the specified number of columns.
Parameters: cols-the number of columns in the text field.
Returns: A Dimension object representing the minimum size of the specified text field.

minimumSize

public Dimension minimumSize()
This minimumSize method returns the minimum size dimension of a TextField object.
Returns: A Dimension object representing the minimum size of a text field.

Toolkit

Extends: Object
The Toolkit class is used to bind a native toolkit to the awt classes.

getScreenSize

public abstract Dimension getScreenSize()
The getScreenSize method returns the size of the screen.
Returns: A Dimension object containing the size of the screen.

getScreenResolution

public abstract int getScreenResolution()
The getScreenResolution method returns the current screen resolution in units of dots per inch.
Returns: An integer value representing the current screen resolution in dots per inch.

getColorModel

public abstract ColorModel getColorModel()
The getColorModel method returns the current color model being used.
Returns: A ColorModel object representing the current color model.

getFontList

public abstract String[] getFontList()
The getFontList method returns a list of the fonts available.
Returns: An array of strings containing the names of all fonts available to the system.

getFontMetrics

public abstract FontMetrics getFontMetrics(Font font)
The getFontMetrics method returns the font metrics for a specified font.
Parameters: A Font object.
Returns: A FontMetrics object containing information on the specified font.

sync

public abstract void sync()
The sync method syncs the graphics state. This is useful when doing animation.

getDefaultToolkit

public static synchronized Toolkit getDefaultToolkit()
The getDefaultToolkit method returns a Toolkit object that is used as the default toolkit.
Returns: A Toolkit object representing the default system toolkit.

getImage

public abstract Image getImage(String filename)
The getImage method returns an Image object that corresponds with the specified Image filename.
Parameters: filename-a String value containing the filename of the image to be loaded.
Returns: An Image object.

getImage

public abstract Image getImage(URL url)
The getImage method retrieves an Image object that corresponds with the specified URL.
Parameters: url-the uniform resource locator (URL) of the specified image object.
Returns: An Image object.

prepareImage

public abstract boolean prepareImage(Image image, int width, int height,
ImageObserver observer)
The prepareImage method prepares an image for rendering on the screen based on the specified image sizes.
Parameters:
image-an Image object.
width-an integer value representing the width of the image when displayed.
height-an integer value representing the height of the image when displayed.
observer-an ImageObserver object that will be notified when the image is prepared.
Returns: A boolean value that is true if the image was prepared successfully, false if not.

checkImage

public abstract int checkImage(Image image, int width, int height,
ImageObserver observer)
The checkImage method checks the status of the image construction.
Parameters:
image-an Image object.
width-an integer value representing the width of the image when displayed.
height-an integer value representing the height of the image when displayed.
observer-an ImageObserver object that will be notified when the image is prepared.
Returns: An integer value representing the status of the image construction.

createImage

public abstract Image createImage(ImageProducer producer)
The createImage method creates an image using the ImageProducer interface.
Parameters: producer-an ImageProducer object that will be notified when the image is prepared.
Returns: An Image object.

Window

Extends: Container
The Window class is defined as a top-level window with no borders and no menu bar.

Window Constructor

public Window(Frame parent)
The Window constructor constructs a window whose parent is specified by the parent parameter. This window will be invisible after creation and will act as a modal dialog when initially shown.
Parameters: parent-a Frame object that is the parent of this window.

addNotify

public synchronized void addNotify()
The addNotify method creates the peer interface for the window. Using a peer interface allows the user interface of the window to be modified without changing the functionality.

pack

public synchronized void pack()
The pack method packs the components within the window based on the components' preferred sizes.

show

public void show()
The show method shows the window after it has been constructed. If the window is already visible, the show method will bring the window to the front.

dispose

public synchronized void dispose()
The dispose method disposes of the window and all of its contents. This method must be called to release the window's resources.

toFront

public void toFront()
The toFront method brings the parent frame to the front of the window.

toBack

public void toBack()
The toBack method sends the parent frame to the back of the window.

getToolkit

public Toolkit getToolkit()
The getToolkit method returns the current toolkit for the window.
Returns: A Toolkit object.

getWarningString

public final String getWarningString()
The getWarningString method returns a string that is used to warn users. This string typically displays a security warning and is displayed in an area of the window visible to users.
Returns: A String value containing a warning string for users to read.

awtException

Extends: Exception
The awtException class is used to signal that an awt exception has occurred.

awtError

Extends: Error
The awtError encapsulates an awt error.

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